Sociology of language; Linguistic variation: language and dialect, regional and social varieties, register variation; Languages in contact: language contact, change, shift and death, pidgins, creoles, koine and mixed language, bi/multilingualism; Language in social context: social networks, speech communities, gender, style and social meaning; Language and ethnicity: language attitude, linguistic identity, language of culture and thought; Interaction: discourse analysis, politeness and power strategies; Sociolinguistic variables: phonetic, lexical and grammatical; Applied sociolinguistics: language policy and language planning, multilingualism and education.
1.R. Wardhaugh. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 5th Ed. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2005.
2.P. Trudgill. Sociolinguistics: An Introduction to Language and Society, 4th Ed.- Penguin Books, 2000
1.C.B. Paulston and- G.R. Tucker.- Sociolinguistics: The Essential Readings. Blackwell Publishing. 2003
2. R.A Hudson. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge University Press, 1996