Social context of production of scientific knowledge: demarcation, autonomy, cognitive authority of science and challenges; Organisation and professionalisation of scientific knowledge: science as a social institution and the ethos of science; Inequalities in science: Matthew Effect, Mertonian paradigm; Social legitimation: interests, meanings and values; Science policies in India: Scientific Policy Resolution (1958), Technology Policy Statement (1983), Science and Technology Policy (2003)
1.N. Stehr and V. Meja, eds., Society and Knowledge: Contemporary Perspectives in the Sociology of Knowledge and Science, Revised 2nd edition, Transaction Publishers, 2005.
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2 K. Popper, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Basic Books, 1959.
3 D. Raina and S.I. Habib, Domesticating Modern Science: A Social History of Science and Culture in Colonial India. Tulika Books, 2004