Course Structure and Syllabi

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Semester Courses L T P C
First Semester HS 501 Essentials of Political Theory 3 1 - 8
HS 515 Introduction to Economics 3 1 - 8
HS 516 The Study of Society 3 1 - 8
HS 519 Economic History of Colonial India 3 1 - 8
Elective I 3 - - 6
Total Credit 15 4 - 38
Second Semester HS 502 Development and Growth: Theoretical Perspectives 3 1 - 8
HS 503 Sociology of Development 3 1 - 8
HS 505 Research Methods in Social Sciences 3 1 - 8
HS 517 Comparative Politics of Developing Countries 3 1 - 8
Elective II 3 - - 6
Total Credit 15 4 - 38
Third Semester HS 504 Economic Problems and Policies in Developing Countries 3 1 - 8
HS 514 Agriculture and Rural Development 3 1 - 8
Elective III 3 - - 6
Elective IV 3 - - 6
Elective V 3 - - 6
HS 698 Phase I of dissertation - - 8 8
Total Credit 15 2 8 42
Fourth Semester HS 699 Dissertation - - 38 38
Grand Total Credits   156

Syllabus of the Core Courses


HS 501

Basic concepts: Power; state; freedom; equality: moral, legal, material equalities; justice: egalitarian, libertarian theories of justice; democracy; citizenship, Classical ideologies: Liberalism: contractarianism, rights-based liberalism, utilitarianism; conservatism; socialism: utopian socialism, scientific socialism; anarchism; nationalism: liberalism and nationalism, socialism and nationalism; fascism Contemporary ideologies: Feminism: liberal, socialist, radical, black, philosophical feminisms; multiculturalism: culture, race, ethnicity, religion; ecologism: environmental crisis, land ethic, deep ecology; fundamentalism: fundamentalism and religion, modernity and tradition, fundamentalism, democracy and violence. Contemporary ideasHuman rights: human rights conventions, relativism v/s universalism, group rights; civil disobedience: civil disobedience and law breaking, civil disobedience and democracy, civil rights movement; terrorism: political violence v/s terrorism.


1. H. John, G. Paul, Introduction To Political Theory, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2007

2. G. Gerald, Political Concepts And Political Theories, Westview Press, Oxford, 2000


1.M. Tibor, S. J Aeon, Political Philosophy, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2007

 Introduction to Economics

Production Possibility Frontier, opportunity costs; Microeconomic theory: consumer behaviour: preference, utility, indifference curve, its properties, income and prices, budget line; Derivation of demand, effects of price and income on demand, demand elasticities, consumer’s surplus; Production: output and inputs, short run and long run, law of variable proportions, returns to scale, different costs and revenue concepts in competitive market conditions, profit maximisation and supply function, supply elasticities, producer’s surplus; Markets: features of perfect competition, monopoly; Macroeconomic theory: national income: different aggregative concepts, methods of estimation of national income, circular flow of income, international trade and exchange rate, simple Keynesian model and income multiplier; Money and banking: role of central and commercial banks, money creation; Public finance: externalities, public revenue and expenditure, direct and indirect, progressive and regressive tax.

Texts/ References:

1. N. G. Mankiw, Principles of Microeconomics (4th edition), Cengage Learning, 2007.

2. N. G. Mankiw, Macroeconomics (6th edition), Palgrave, 2007.

3. R. S. Pindyck and D. L. Rubinfeld, Microeconomics, PHI, 2005.

4. P. A. Samuelson and W. D. Nordhaus, Economics, McGraw Hill Inc., 2005

HS 516 The Study of Society

The study of society: nature and limitations; Individual and group/society, community, social interaction, socialisation and social consciousness, conformity, deviance, culture and civilisation; Institutions: social, economic and political; Social structure: social stratification and inequality; Social change: forms and processes; Perspectives on the study of society: Comte, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber and Marx.

Texts/ References:

1. A. Giddens, Sociology, Polity, 2010.

2. C. Jenks, ed., Core Sociological Dichotomies, Sage, 1998.

3. A. Giddens, Capitalism and Modern Social Theory, Cambridge University Press, 1996.

4. D. Gupta, ed., Social Stratification, Oxford University Press, 1992.

5. V. Das, Handbook of Indian Sociology, Oxford University Press, 2008.

HS 519 Economic History of Colonial India

Introduction to Indian economic history; pre-colonial economic practices: peasant production, trade; India and the world economy; British East India Company and Imperialism: de-peasantization, de-industrialisation, reorganisation of production; Agriculture and Imperial Economy: land, peasants, irrigation and crops; Trade and Indian markets: finance, communication, domestic and foreign market;  Plantation and small-peasant cultivation: tea, indigo, opium, sugar and jute; Natural resources and imperial practices: forestry, mining and water; Industrialisation during the imperial era: cotton, jute, steel, Anti-imperialist struggle: towards new models of development.

Texts/ References

  1. Dietmar Rothermund, An economic history of India: from pre-colonial times to 1991, Routledge, 1993.
  2. Dharma Kumar and Meghnad Desai, ed. The Cambridge Economic History of India, vol.2, Cambridge, 1983.
  3. B.R. Tomlinson, The Economy of Modern India, Cambridge University Press, 1996.
  4. T. Roy, The Economic History of India, 1857-1947, Oxford University Press, 2011.
  5. A.K. Bagchi, Private Investment in India, University Press, 1972.
  6. B. Zacharia,  A Social and Intellectual History of India’ Development, Oxford University Press, 2007.
  7. D. Naoroji, Poverty and Un-British Rule in India, Commonwealth Publishers, 1988.
  8. B. Chandra, The Rise and Growth of Economic Nationalism in India: Economic Policies of Indian National Leadership, People’s Publishing House, 1966.

Semester II

HS 502 Development and Growth : Theoretical Perspective

Concepts of economic development and economic growth; diverse structures and common characteristics of developing economies; Indices of economic development; historical growth and contemporary perspectives, lessons and controversies. Theories, models and strategies for economic development: Schumpeter’s Analysis, Rostow’s Stages of Economic growth, doctrine of balanced growth, concept of unbalanced growth, ‘Big push’ theory, critical minimum efforts thesis, Harrod-Domar model, Elements of Solow model and endogenous growth; Economic inequality: measure of inequality; The inverted U-hypothesis, functional effects of inequality, income and growth, capital market and human capital; Poverty: undernourishment, measures of poverty, impact of poverty on labour and credit market.


1. M.P Todaro, Development Economics, Pearson, 9th edition, 2006.

2. G.M Meier and J.E. Rauch, Leading Issues in economic Development, 8th edition, OUP, 2004

3. A.P Thirlwal, Growth and Development, 8th edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006


1. D. Roy, Development Economics, OUP, 1999.

2. R.J. Barro, and X S Martin, Economic Growth, 2nd edition,PHI, 2004

HS 503 Sociology of Development

Defining development; theories of development: modernization and globalization, dependency and world systems; Issues in development: Environment, Population, Poverty, Urbanization, gender, ethnicity, identity, possibilities of localism, economic development, conflict, fundamentalism and insurgency.


1. R. Klitgaard, Adjusting to Reality: Beyond “State Versus Market” in Economic Development,

2. Hage and Finsterbusch, Organizational Change as a Development Strategy

3. N. Uphoff, M. Esman and A. Krishna, Reasons for Success: Learning from Instructive Experiences in Rural Development

4. J. Isbister. Promises Not Kept. Kumarian Press.

5. J. T. Roberts and A. Hite (editors). From Modernization to Globalization. Blackwell Press

HS 505 Research Methods in Social Sciences

Scope and objectives of social research: Theory, facts, data; objectivity in social research; Research Design: Typologies of Research Design; formulation of research problem; hypothesis; Methods of Social Research: Quantitative research; questionnaire, schedule, survey, sampling, measurement; Qualitative research: Observation; interview method, case study, content analysis, PRA/PLA techniques; Analysis and Interpretation of Data: Quantative, Qualitiative, Statistical methods in social research, Report Writing.


1. C. Steve and P. Mcneill, Research Methods, Routledge, 2005

2. T. May, Social Research: Issues, Methods and Process, Open University Press, 2001

3. E. Babbie,Adventures in Social Research, 1998, Sage.

4. A. Bryman and Cramer, Quantitative data analysis for social scientist, Routledge, 1990.

5. G. Morgan (eds), Beyond Method: Strategies for Social Research, Sage, 1988.

6. M.N Srinivas, A.M.Shah and E.A. Ramaswamy (eds), Field worker and the Field: Problems and Challenges in Sociological 7.Investigation, Oxford University Press, 1979.

8. W.G Goode and P.K.Hatt, Methods in Social Research, N.Y, 1952.

9. P. V Young, Scientific Social Surveys and Research, PHI, 1966

Comparative Politics in Developing Countries

Historical foundations of political systems: politics of colonialism, decolonization, legacies of colonialism; The Comparative Method; Major theories of development; Democracy and challenges of democratization, political regimes, problems of regime change and consolidation; ethnic identity formation and conflict situations; Institutional remedies; Case studies: Latin America, Africa and Asia.

Texts/ References

1. Handelman, Howard, The Challenge of Third World Development (4th) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, (2006).

2. Peter J. Burnell, Vicky Randall, Politics in the Developing World, Oxford University Press, (2008).

3. Robert Pinkney, Democracy In The Third World, Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc, (2002).

4. Charles C.Ragin, The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative And Quantitative Strategies, University of California Press, (1989).

5. Larry Diamond & Juan J. Linz, Politics In Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences With Democracy, Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc (1995).

Semester III


 Economic Problems and Policies of Developing Countries

Population growth: birth and death rates and age distribution, demographic transition, gender issues, population policies across the world; Rural urban interaction: Lewis model, migration, Harris Todaro model, internal migration and poverty, skilled labour migration; Land market: ownership, tenancy and other contracts, land reform; Labour market,agricultural labourers of India, women workforce participation, feminization and defeminisation of the workforce; Credit and Insurance in the context of developing economies; Poverty eradication policies.

1. M.P Todaro, Development Economics, Pearson, 9th edition, 2006.
2. G.M. Meier and J.E. Rauch, Leading Issues in Economic Development, 8th edition, OUP, 2004
3. A.P.Thirlwal, Growth and Development, 8th edition, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

4. D.Ray, Development Economics, OUP, 1998.


1. S. Ghatak, Introduction to Development Economics, Routledge, 4th edition, 2007.

2. Y. Hayami, Development Economics, OUP, 2005

HS514 Agriculture and Rural Development

Significance of rural development; agrarian question; peasants, capitalism and paths of transformation; agriculture and rural development; Issues in agricultural development- new agricultural technology, tenancy, agricultural marketing; green revolution and appropriate technology; land reforms; agrarian systems and the state; agriculture and rural credit markets-micro-credit; WTO and agriculture; integrated rural development and government programmes; decentralization and participatory rural development,


1. K.B. Ghimire, 2001, Land Reform and Peasant Livelihoods The Social Dynamics of Rural Poverty and  Agrarian Reform in Developing Countries, London: ITDG Publications

2. M. Morner, and T. Svensson, 1991. The Transformation of Rural Society in the Third World.

3. A. Shepherd, 1998, Sustainable Rural Development, London: Macmillan Press.


1. M.P Todaro, and S.C. Smith, Economic Development, Pearson Education, 2003

2.G. M. Meir, and Rauch, E. James, 2003, Leading Issues in Economic Development, Oxford University Press

List of Elective Courses:
All Courses Have Following Structure: 3-0-0-6

Course Title Course Name
HS 506 Interrogating Modernity
HS 507 Caste and Politics of Development
HS 508 Colonial Economy and the Politics of Development in India
HS 509 Language Issues in Globalisation
HS 510 Development Anthropology
HS 511 Gender and Development
HS 512 Critical Development Theory
HS 513 Transnationalism and Migration: Issues of Development
HS 520 Environment and Development
HS 521 Region, Nation and the Making of Post Colonial India
HS 601 Philosophy of Social Sciences
HS 602 Planning and Project Management
HS 603 International Trade and Development
HS 604 Development Finance
HS 605 Reflections on India’s Development
HS 606 Sociology of Gender
HS 607 Science, Technology and Society
HS 608 Rural Labour Market in India
HS 609 Globalization and Sustainable Development
HS 610 Development and Human Rights
HS 611 Human Development: Theory and Practice
HS 612 Peace and Conflict Resolution
HS 613 Statistical Methods in Social Sciences
HS 615 Gandhi: The Man and His Ideas
HS 619 Social Discrimination

 Interrogating Modernity

Modernity as a project of Enlightenment; Modernist paradigm in sociology: modern science, industrialisation and development; Marx and Weber: sociological modernism; Levi-Strauss and Althusser: structuralist interpretation; Lukacs, Gramsci and Touraine: society as human creation; Dialectic of engaging with and interrogating modernity; Wallerstein, Giddens and Habermas: synthesising modernity and social theory; Deconstructing modernity: post-colonial, postmodernist and feminist perspectives; Modernity in non-modern contexts; The idea of alternative or multiple modernities; The paradigm of revisionism in the discourse on modernity; Reflexivity: post-industrial society, autonomy, social movements, alternative paradigms in science and development.


1. A. Giddens, The Consequences of Modernity, Polity, 1989.

2. J.P.S. Uberoi, The European Modernity: Science, Truth and Method, Oxford University Press, 2002.

3. J. Alam, India: Living with Modernity, Oxford University Press, 1999.

4. S. Hall, D. Held and A. McGrew (Eds.), Modernity and its Futures, Polity/Open University Press, 1992.

5. S. Hegde, ‘Modernity’s Edges: A Review Discussion’, Social Scientist, 28 (9-10): 33-86, 1999.


1. K. Kumar, Prophecy and Progress: The Sociology of Industrial and Post-industrial Society, Penguin, 1986.

2. J. Habermas, The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity, Polity, 1987.

3. M. Foucault, Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977, Pantheon, 1980.

4. J.F. Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge, University of Minnesota Press, 1984.

5. E. Said, Orientalism: Western Concepts of the Orient, Penguin, 1985.

6. Z. Bauman, Intimations of Postmodernity. Routledge, 1992.

7. P. Abbott and C. Wallace, An Introduction to Sociology: Feminist Perspectives, Routledge, 1990.

8. F. Jameson, Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, Verso, 1991.

HS507 Caste and the Politics of Development

Culture: identity and tradition; social stratification: features of the caste system, varna and jati; caste and class; reform and intervention: Phule, Gandhi and Ambedkar; social change and conflict; caste and democratic politics; sanskritization; the discourse of power and social reality; empowerment and political representation; social backwardness and the politics of reservations; subaltern voices: agency and representation; Dalit movements: caste and social transformation.


1. L. Dumont, Homo Hierarchicus, Vikas, New Delhi, 1970.

2. M.N. Srinivas, India: Social Structure, South Asia Books, 1986.

3. G.P. Deshpande, Selected Writings of Jotirao Phule, Leftword, New Delhi, 2002.

4. D.R. Nagaraj, The Flaming Feet: A Study of the Dalit Movement, South Forum Press, Bangalore, 1993.

5. K.L. Sharma, Caste, Class and Tribe, Rawat, New Delhi, 2000.

6. R. Guha (ed.), Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History andSociety, OUP, New Delhi, 1982,

7. A.M. Shah and B.S. Baviskar (eds.), SocialStructure and Change Vol.I, OUP, New Delhi, 1998.

8. G. Shah (ed.), Caste and Democratic Politics in India, Permanent Black, New Delhi, 2002.

9. N. B. Dirks, Castes of Mind: Colonialism and The Making of Modern India, Permanent Black, New Delhi, 2003.

10. K. Iliah, Why I am not a Hindu, Samya, Calcutta, 1996.

11. G. Chakravarty Spivak, “Can the Subaltern Speak?” in C. Nelson and L. Grossberg (eds.) Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, University of Illionois Press, 1987

HS-508 Colonial Economy and the Politics of Development in India

Development and Colonial State: Historiography; colonial state and the social organization of production; stages of colonial development: de-peasantization and de-industrialization; transfer of western science and technology: managing Indian natural resources; plantation economy: tea, indigo, coffee and rubber; nationalist movement and people�s struggle: recourse to indigenous development; discourse of development in India�s intellectual history: Nehru and the Indian National Congress


1. A. K. Bagchi, Private Investment in India, University Press, 1972.

2. B. Zacaria, A Social and intellectual history of India� Development, OUP, 2007.

3. B.R. Tomilson, The Economy of Modern India, Cambridge University Press, 1996.

4. D. Naroroji, Poverty and Un-British Rule in India, Commonwealth Publishers, 1988.

5. V. Anstey, The Economic Development of India, Ayer Publisher, 1977.

6. S. Ambirajan, Classical Political Economy and British Administration in India, CUP, 1978.

7. B. Chandra, The Rise and Growth of Economic Nationalism in India, Economic Policies of Indian National Leadership, PPH, 1966.

HS 509  Development Anthropology

The Discourse of Development; Populism, Anthropology and Development; The social logic approach: Norman Long and the rural Anthropology of Development; Socio-anthropology of development:Comparativism: Multiculturalism: Transversality; Role of values and Institutions in Development; Role ofIndigenious Knowledge; Anthropologists as Policy Advisers and analysts; Assessment of Social Impact: Evaluation, Advocacy, Technology Development Research.


1. S. Abram, and J. Waldren. (eds.) (1998), Anthropological Perspectives on Loca Development: Knowledge and Sentiment in Conflict. New York: Routledge.

2. A. Alberto and N. Long. (2000), Anthropology, Development and Modernities: Exploring Discourses, Counter-Tendencies and Violence. London: Routledge.

3. ______, 2000, “Reconfiguring Modernity and Development from an Anthropological Perspective.” In Anthropology, Development and Modernities: Exploring Discourses, Counter-Tendencies and Violence. Edited by A. Alberto and N. Long, London: Routledge.

4.B. J. Knippers, 1999, Development in Theory and Practice, 2nd Ed. Boulder: Westview.

5. _____, 1993, Challenging the Professions: Frontiers for Rural Development. London: Intermediate Technology Publications.

6. D. Booth, 1994, Rethinking Social Development: Theory, Research and Practice. Essex: Longman Scientific & Technical.

7. J. Pierre and O. de Sardan, 2005, Anthropology and Development. London: Zed Books

8. L. Mair, 1984, Anthropology and Development. London: Macmillan.

9. W.W Rostow, 1960, The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-communist Manifesto. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.

10. E.F. Schumacher, 1973, Small is Beautiful. London: Blond and Briggs.


1.E. Croll, and D. J. Parkin, eds.,1992. Bush base, forest farm: culture, environment and development. London:Routledge.

2. E. Crewe and Harrison,Ed. Whose Development? London: Zed 1998

3. A. Escobar, 1995. Encountering development: the making and unmaking of the Third World.

Princeton: Princeton University Press.

4. R.D. Grillo, and R.L. Stirrat, (eds.), 1997. Discourses of development: anthropological perspectives.

Oxford: Berg.Schech, Susan; Haggis, Jane, 2000, Culture, and development: a critical introduction. Oxford: Blackwell

5. D. Warren, L. Michael, J. Slikkerveer, and D. Brokensha, (eds.), 1995, The Cultural Dimension ofDevelopment:Indigenous Knowledge Systems. London: Intermediate Technology


6. A. Sen, 1999, Development as Freedom. New York: Anchor/Random House

HS511 Gender and Development

Conceptual Frameworks: Feminist Theories in Historical and Cross -cultural Perspectives, Feminist Epistemology, Gender and Colonialism; Environment: Development and Women’s Lives, Ecofeminism; Ethics and Development: Applied Ethics, Global Bio-Ethics and Changing Gender Relations, Gender, Technology and the Body; Population Politics: Fertility and Family Planning; Religion and Empowerment of Women, Religion and Democracy; Humanitarian Dilemmas: Culture and Health.


1. D. M. Juschka , Feminism in the Study of Religion: A Reader, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2001

2. K. Kapadia, The Violence of Development: The Politics of Identity, Gender and Social Inequalities in IndiaZed Books, 2002

3. V. Shiva, Staying Alive.: Women, Ecology and Survival in India, Zed Press, New Delhi,1988

4. M. U. Walker, Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics , Routledge, 1998

5. S. Benhabib, Situating the Self: Gender, Community, and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics,

Routledge, 1992


1. L. Sargent. Boston (Ed), Women and Revolution, South End Press, 1981

2. S. M. Wolf, Feminism & Bioethics: Beyond Reproduction, Oxford University Press US, 1996

3. T. Banuri and M. Mahmood, Just Development: Beyond Adjustment with a Human Face , Oxford

University Press, 1997

4. M. K. Raj and R. M. Sudarshan, Gender, Population and Development, Oxford University Press,


5. M. Porter and E. R. Judd, Feminists Doing Development: A Practical Critique, Zed Books, 1999

HS 512 Critical Development Theory

Development: intellectual, imaginative and practical aspects; Genealogy of development thinking: from colonial economics to development studies; Discourses of development: education, modernisation, capitalism, Eurocentrism, technological imperative, globalisation, dependency theory; Development criticism: feminism, pacifism, environmentalism, agrarianism; Postmodern critical theory of development: new populism, anti-developmentalism, ecofeminism; Cultural studies and post-development paradigms: cultural politics, cultural analyses, deconstructing ideologies of development.


1. R. Munck and D.O’Hearn eds, Critical Development Theory: Contributions to a New Paradigm, Zed

Books, 1999.

2. S. Corbridge, ed, Development Studies: A Reader, Arnold, 1995.


1. G. Rist, The History of Development: From Western Origins to Global Faith, Zed Books, 2003.

2. M. P. Cowen and R. W. Shenton, Doctrines of Development, Routledge, 1996.

3. I. Illich, Deschooling Society, Harper and Row, 1971.

4. M. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule, Navajivan Trust, 2003.

5. S. F. Alatas, Alternative Discourses in Asian Social Science: Response to Eurocentrism, Sage, 2006.

6. A. Escobar, Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World, Princeton,


7. M. Mies, Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale: Women in the International Division of

Labour, Zed Books, 1999.

8. M. H. Marchand and J. L. Parpart, eds, Feminism/Postmodernism/Development, Routledge, 1995.

HS 513 Transnationalism and Migration: Issues of Development

Transnationalism, migration and globalization; colonialism and the history of world connections; cultural imperialism; nationalism and identity: a post-colonial understanding; commodification of local cultures; ethnography of selected transnational and migratory communities in India.


1. A. Benedict, 1991 Imagined Communities revised ed. London and New York: Verso

2. H. Michael. Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics in the Nation-state. Routledge, New York:, 1997.

3. A. Appadurai, Modernity At Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization (Minneapolis: University of

Minnesota Press, 1995; Saskia Sassen, Guests and Aliens (New York: New Press, 1999)

4. A. Portes, L. E. Guarnizo and P. Landolt. “The study of transnationalism: Pitfalls and promise of an emergent field” Ethnic and Racial Studies 22, no. 2 (March, 1999): 217-237.

5. A. M. Kraut, Silent Travellers: Germs, Genes and the “Immigrant Menace.”New York: Basic Books, 1994.

6. P. van der Veer, “Introduction” In Nation and Migration: The Politics of Space in the South Asian Diaspora, edited by van der Veer. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

7. E. Ferris, 1993, Beyond Borders: Refugees, Migrants, and Human Rights in the Post-Cold War Era.

Trenton, New Jersey: The Red Sea Press and Geneva: the WCC Press.

8. W. Giles, and H. Moussa, eds., 1996, Development and Diaspora: Gender and the Refugee Experience.Dudas, Ontario, Canada: Artemis Publishers.

9. D. F. Karaka, 2000, History of the Parsis: Including Their Manners, Customs, Religion, and Present Position: Adamant Media Corporation; Mumbai

HS 520 Environment and Development 
Approaches to the study of environment: Marxian, Gandhian, Ecofeminist; Different types of environmentalisms: deep ecology, social ecology, radical ecology; Natural resources management: common land, water and forest; Environmental movements and the politics of development: Chipko andolan, Narmada bachaoandolan; Initiatives of the state and international agencies on sustainable development: Stockholm conference, Kyoto protocol, Rio Earth Summit


1.Arnold, David and Guha, Ramchandra, (eds.), 1997. Nature, Culture and Imperialism, New Delhi:Oxford University Press.
2.Baviskar, Amita. 1997. In the Belly of the River: Tribal Conflicts over Development in the Narmada Valley, OUP, Delhi.
3.Barnhill, David Landis & Roger S. Gottlieb. (eds.) 2001. Deep Ecology and World Religions: New Essays on Sacred Grounds. State Univ. of New York Press, Albany.
4.Bicker, Alan, Paul Sillitoe and Johan Pottier. 2004. Development and Local Knowledge: New Approaches to Issues in Natural Resources Management, Conservation and Agriculture. Routledge, London & New York.
5.Gadgil, Madhav and Guha, Ramchandra. 1995. Ecology and Equity: The use and Abuse of Nature in Contemporary India, New Delhi: Oxford University.
6.Gottlieb, Roger S. 2004. This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment. Routledge, New York and London.
7.Merchant, Carolyn. 1994. Ecology: Key Concepts in Critical Theory, Humanities Press, New Jersey.
8.Ramakrishnan, P.S. 1992. Shifting Agriculture and Sustainable Development: An Interdisciplinary Study from North-Eastern India, Man and the Biosphere Series, Volume 10, UNESCO.
9.Shiva, Vandana. 1988. Staying Alive: Women, Ecology and Survival in India, Zed Press, New Delhi

HS 521 Region,Nation and the Making of Post-Colonial India 
Historical Background: fragmented polities of pre-colonial times, colonial unification of the sub-continent, nationalist mobilization; National movement and the language question: sanskritization of Hindi, introduction of Hindi in schools, anti-Hindi agitations of 1930s and 40s; Debates on national language: constituent assembly debates, language commission, official languages act, regional agitations; Reorganization of states: Indian National Congress and the reorganization of states, commissions and legislations on state reorganization, regional responses and unresolved demands; Movements for self-determination: nation-state and nationalisms, Naga and Kashmir movements; Nation-state and the inevitability of regions.


1.Ramchandra Guha, India after Gandhi, Picador India, 2007.
2.Alok Rai, Hindi Nationalism, Orient Longman, 2001.
3.Sumathi Ramaswamy, Passions of the Tongue: Language Devotion in Tamil India, 1891–1970, University of California Press, 1997.
4.V. Geetha & S. V. Rajadurai, Towards a Non-Brahmin Millennium: From Iyothee Thass to Periyar, Samya Press, 1998.
5.Paul Brass, The Politics of India Since Independence, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990.
6.Perry Anderson, The Indian Ideology, Three Essays, 2012.
7.A. G. Noorani, Kashmir Dispute, 1947-2012, Vol. 1, New Delhi, 2013.
8.Chitralekha Zutshi, Languages of Belonging: Islam, Regional Identity and the Making of Kashmir, Oxford University Press, 2004.
9.Nandita Haksar & Luingam Luithui, Nagaland File: A Question of Human Rights, Lancer International, 1984.

HS 601 Philosophy of Social Sciences

Philosophy: epistemology, metaphysics and ethics; Social sciences; Historical and philosophical roots of social sciences: Comte, Dilthey, Durkheim, Weber and Marx; Modes of social inquiry:
natural scientific, critical social science, social constructionist viewpoints and contemporary hermeneutics; Instrumental reason and its critics; Abstraction and the life world; Debates about
value-neutrality; Methodological holism and methodological individualism: holism/individualism debates, social atomism and reductionism; Explanations in social sciences; Differences between
natural and social sciences; Objectivism, relativism and objectivity.


1. R. Bishop, The Philosophy of the Social Sciences: An Introduction, Continuum International, 2007.

2. A.Rosenberg, Philosophy of Social Sciences, Westview Press, 2008.

3. T. M. Peter, A Realist Philosophy of Social Science: Explanation and Understanding, Cambridge

University Press, 2006.

4. M. Hollis, The Philosophy of Social Sciences, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

5. M. Martin (ed.), Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science, MIT, 1994.

HS 602 Planning and Project Management

Development planning: concepts and ideology, objectives, the case for and against planning, planning versus market; Generation and Screening of project ideas, objectives of project planning; Project preparation: market and demand analysis, technical analysis, financial estimates and projections, financing of projects, project management; Social cost-benefits analysis; Appraisal, monitoring and evaluation of development programmes and projects.


1. M.P Todaro and S.C. Smith, Development Economics, 9th Ed., Pearson Education, 2006.

2. P. Chandra, Projects, Planning, Analysis, Financing, Implementation and Review, 5th Ed., Tata

McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., 2002.

3. R. Dale, Evaluating Development Programmes and Projects, 2nd Ed., Sage Publications, 2004.

4. R. Dale, Organisations and Development, Strategies, Structures and Processes, Sage Publications,2000.

HS 603 International Trade and Development

World trading patterns; Mainstream economics trade theories: absolute and comparative advantage theories, sources of comparative advantage, specific factor model, Heckscher-Ohlin model, economies of scale and imperfect competition, international factor movements; Trade policy: tariffs, export subsidies, import and export quotas, political economy of trade policy, import substituting industrialisation; Exchange rates and open economy macroeconomics; Alternative paradigms: Prebisch- Singer hypothesis.


1. P. Krugman and M. Obstfeld, International Economics: Theory and Policy, 6th Ed., Pearson

Education, 2003.

2. D. Ray, Development Economics, OUP, 1998.

3. A.K. Bagchi, The Political Economy of Underdevelopment, Orient Longman, 1989.

4. M. P. Todaro and S. C. Smith, Economic Development, Pearson Education, 2003.

5. P. Patnaik (ed.), Imperialism: the Highest Stage of Capitalism: Lenin, Leftword, 2000.

HS 604 Development Finance

Capital accumulation and investment requirement for development; Sources of capital formation:

domestic and international; Domestic financing of development: inflationary finance and noninflationary

finance; Financial markets and institutions: money and the payment system, credit and

the financial system, central bank, commercial banks and recent developments, unregulated credit

markets; External financing of development: necessity for external financing, public financial aid:

bilateral and multilateral; External debt and its implications, private foreign investment � benefits and

costs, Foreign Institutional Investors, Foreign Direct Investments, multinational corporations; Foreign

aid: the development assistance debate.

Texts/ References:

1. G. M. Meier and J. E. Rauch, Leading Issues in Economic Development, 8th Ed., OUP, 2004.

2. L. M. Bhole, Financial Institutions and Markets, Structure, Growth and Innovations, 3rd Ed., Tata-McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., 2001.

3. S. B. Gupta, Monetary Economics, Institutions, Theory and Policy, S. Chand and Co. Ltd, 1997.

4. S. Ghatak, Introduction to Development Economics, 4th Ed., Routledge, 2007

HS 605 Reflections on Indias Development

Ideas and challenges that face the New India: Economic and social liberalizations ; Impact on

Indian private and public lives; Indian traditions and the western imagination; Contemporary India

and the argumentative tradition; Pluralist, interactive and dynamic heritage of literary, cultural,

political and scientific developments in India; Social and economic transformation of India.


1. N. Nilekani, Imagining India: The Idea of a Renewed Nation, Penguin, New Delhi , 2009.

2. A Sen, The Argumentative Indian, Picador,2004.

3. G. Das, The Elephant Paradigm, Penguin Books India, 2003.

4. A. P.J. Abdul Kalam, India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium, Penguin Books India, 2003.

5. S. Tharoor, The Elephant, the Tiger and the Cell Phone: Reflections on India in the 21st Century,

Arcade, 2007.

6. G. Das, India Unbound, Penguin Books India, 2002.

7. A. P.J. Abdul Kalam, Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India, Penguin Books, 2003.

8. S. Tharoor, India:From Midnight to the Millenium, Harper Perennial, 1998.

HS 606 Sociology of Gender

Sociology of gender; Social construction of gender: socialisation, stereotypes and inequalities;

Perspectives on gender: liberal, Marxist, socialist, radical, Black, Third World; Gender and social

movements: from global to local; Gender in the economy, culture and polity: labour, law, family,

health, media, representation and reservation; Discourse on gender and development in India.


1. A. Hochschild, The Second Shift, Avon Books, 2003.

2. B. Agarwal, Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia, Cambridge University

Press, 2003.

3. J, Lorber (ed.), The Social Construction of Gender, Sage Publication, 1991.

4. N. Kabeer, Reversed Realities: Gender Hierarchies in Development Thought, Verso, 2003.

5. I. Agnihotri and V. Mazumdar,  Changing Terms of Political Discourse: Women’s Movement in

India, 1970s-1990s, in Economic and Political Weekly, 30 (29), 1995, pp. 1869-1878.

6. K. Chanana, Accessing Higher Education: The Dilemma of Schooling Women, Minorities,

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Contemporary India�, in Higher Education, 26(1),

1993, pp. 69-92.

7. N. Menon, `Elusive Woman: Feminism and Women’s Reservation Bill�, in Economic and Political

Weekly, 35(43/44), 2000, pp. 3835-3841.

8. N. Yuval-Davis. “Women, Citizenship and Difference”, in Feminist Review, (57), 1997, pp. 4-27

HS 607 Science, Technology and Society

Science-technology relationship: hierarchical, symbiotic and coalescing; Social context of production of scientific knowledge: demarcation, autonomy, cognitive authority of science and technology, and responses; Methods of science; Science as a social institution and the ethos of science; Inequalities in science and technology: rewards and recognitions; Social legitimation: interests, meanings and values; Reception of modern science and technology in India; Changing context of production of scientific knowledge: from public resource to intellectual property; Science and technology policies in India.

Texts and References:

1. D. MacKenzie and J. Wajcman (eds.), The Social Shaping of Technology, 2nd Ed., McGraw Hill Education /Open University, 1999.

2. N. Stehr and V. Meja (eds.), Society and Knowledge: Contemporary Perspectives in the Sociology of Knowledge and Science, Revised 2nd Ed., Transaction Publishers, 2005.

3. E. J. Hackett, O. Amsterdamska, M. Lynch and J. Wajcman (eds.), The Handbook of Science and

Technology Studies, The MIT Press, 2008.

4. T. McGrew, M. Alspector-Kelly and F. Allhoff (eds.), Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

5. S. I. Habib and D. Raina (eds.), Social History of Science in Colonial India, Oxford University Press,


HS 608 Rural Labour Market in India

Overview of rural labour market in India: size and key features, agricultural and non-agricultural wage labour; Concepts of unemployment: seasonal unemployment, underemployment, disguised unemployment, work participation, labour absorption; Wage rates: subsistence wage, minimum wages act in India, empirical cases on wages, types of wage contracts, forms of, levels and trends of agricultural wages; Gender gap in wages: male and female wages, levels and trends, disparity; Labour-credit interlinkages: labour services and unfreedom in agriculture, bonded labour, attached labour, poverty and agricultural labour; Welfare programmes: government wage employment and self employment programmes, forms of market interventions in the labour market.


1. K. Sharma Labour Economics, Anmol Publications Private Limited, 2006.

2. P. Lanjouw and N. Stern, Economic Development in Palanpur Over Five Decades, Oxford University

Press, 1998.

3. B. Agarwal, A field of One�s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia, Reprint, Cambridge

University Press, 1998.

4. V. K. Ramachandran, Wage Labour and Unfreedom in Agriculture, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1990.

5. Consumer Expenditure and Employment Unemployment Round , Reports of the National Sample

Survey Organization, Quinquennial rounds, 2004-05

6. S. R. Osmani, “Wage Determination in Rural Labour Markets: The Theory of Implicit Cooperation”, in Journal of Development Economics, (34) 1-2, 1990, pp. 3-23.

HS 609 Globalization and Sustainable Development

Globalization and sustainable development: terms, concepts and challenges, inter-generational and

intra-generational effects, human development, indigenous knowledge, governance and sustainable

development; Climate change as a challenge to sustainable development: interrelationship between

climate change and economic development, impact of climate change on natural resources and

livelihood; Mitigation and adaptation to climate change: role of State, civil society, firms, corporate

social responsibility, international environmental agreements and climate change.


1. J.N. Bhagawati, In Defence of Globalization, Oxford University Press, 2006.

2. S.J. Gustave, �Two perspectives on globalization and the environment�, in J. G. Speth (ed.),

Worlds Apart: Globalization and the Environment, Island Press, Washington DC, 2003, pp. 1-18.

3. T. J. Hardy, Climate Change – Causes, Effects, and Solutions, John Wiley & Sons 2003

4. A. Markandya and K. Halsnaes (eds.), Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Prospects for Developing Countries, Earthscan, 2002.

5. W. M. Adams, Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in the Third World. 2nd Ed.,

Routledge, London, 2001.

6. World Bank, Report Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World: Transforming Institutions,

Growth, and Quality of Life, World Development Report, 2003

7. T. Panayotou, Globalization and Environment, CID Working Papers 53, Center for International

Development at Harvard University, 2000

HS 610 Development and Human Rights

Human rights, development, linkages between human rights and development; Perspectives: right to development – UN Declaration, “Rights based” approach to development; International convention on rights: Magna Carta, migration and trafficking; Indian Constitution and Human Rights: right to food, shelter, education and health, fulfillment of universal social and economic rights; Issues in India: right to food, employment, education, health, environment, child rights, women’s rights, development and displacement, development and human trafficking, impact of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs); Role of NGOs.

Texts/ References:

1. A. Clapham, Human Rights, Oxford University Press, 2007.

2. R. Bhargava, Politics and Ethics of the Indian Constitution Oxford University Press, 2009.

3. S. Hickey and D. Mitlin (eds.), Rights Based Approaches to Development: Exploring the Potentials and Pitfalls, Kumarian Press, 2009.

HS 611 Human Development: Theory and Practice

Human development in theory: Amartya Sen – capability approach, John Rawls – critique of utilitarianism, Mahbub ul Haq :the making of human development index; Conceptual issues: basic needs and capabilities, capabilities and human development, functionings and freedom, agency functions, collective action, Millennium Development Goals; Human Development Index: evolution, measurement, refinements, debates, world, national and state Human Development Reports; Human development in practice: Multi-dimensional poverty measures, country case studies; Hunger, unemployment and public action: food security, employment security; Indian case: state of the Indian farmer, agrarian crisis and farmer’s suicides, state of primary and secondary schooling, public health, gender related conflicts.


1.A. Sen, Development as Freedom, Oxford University Press, 2000

2.S. Fukuda-Parr and A. K. Shivakumar (eds.), Readings in Human Development: Concepts, Measures

and Policies for a Development Paradigm, Oxford University Press, 2005.

3.J. Dreze and A. Sen (eds.), The Political Economy of Hunger, Volume 1: Entitlement and Well-Being,Clarendon Press Oxford, 1990.

4.UNDP, World Human Development Reports, United Nations, 1990-2011.

5.K. Haq and R. Ponzio (eds.), Pioneering the Human Development Revolution: An Intellectual

Biography of Mahbub ul Haq, Oxford University Press, 2008

6.J. Rawls, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, The Belknap Press, 2000

HS 612 Peace and Conflict Resolution

Concepts: peace, insurgency, war, armed conflict, ethnic violence; Conflict management and conflict resolution; Techniques and strategies for resolutions; Negotiation, mediation, good offices involving a third party, conciliation or facilitation, military solution: case of Sri Lanka, Gandhian models of satyagraha, peace education, peace research and recent developments; Factors leading to continuation of conflicts and armed movements for a long time, insurgency economy, high intensity and low intensity conflicts.   Origins of armed conflict in India�s North East; Selected cases, secessionist armed movements, the Naga, the Mizo and the ULFA movements; Armed ethnic movements: the Bodo and the Tripura Tribal movements; External factors involved; Peace initiative since 1953, Naga Peace Mission and JP Mission, the civil society initiatives, the formal initiative of the Government of India, inter-ethnic conflicts and consequences.


1.A. Dutta and R. Bhuyan, Genesis of Peace and Conflict, Akansha,New Delhi, 2007.

2.D. Bloomfield, Peacemaking Strategies in Northern Ireland: Building Complementarities in Conflict

Management Theory, Macmillan, London, 1997.

3.J.B. Bhattacharjee, Roots of Insurgency in North East India, Akansha, New Delhi, 2007.

4.J. Burton, Resolving Deep-Rooted Conflict: A Handbook, University Press of America, Lanham, 2003.

5.J. Galtung, Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization, Sage,

London, 1996.

6.M. Deutsch, The Resolution of Conflict: Constructive and Destructive Processes, Yale University

Press, New Haven, 1973.

7.S. Nag, Marginality: Ethnicity, Insurgency and Sub-nationalism in North-East India, Manohar, New Delhi, 2002.

8. W.R Hussain (ed.), Peace Tools and Conflict Nuances In India’s Notheast, Wordwaves India,

Guwahati, 2010.

HS 613 : Statistical Method for Social Sciences (Pre-requisite:  HS 505 or equivalent)

Descriptive Statistics: recapitulation, Probability: classical and modern definitions, Bayes’ theorem, joint probability distribution, Random variable: discrete and continuous probability distributions, expectation, variance, covariance and correlation, Theoretical probability distributions: Binomial, Hypergeometric, Poisson, Uniform and Normal, Sampling: simple random sampling with and without replacement, sampling distributions: Normal, Chi-square, t and F, Estimation and Hypothesis Testing: point and interval estimations, type I and type II errors, testing of significance, power of a test, p value; Introduction to regression: two variable regression, estimation and hypothesis testing.

Texts and References:

  1. Das, N.G, Statistical Methods, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 2008
  2. Dougherty, C, Introduction to Econometrics, OUP, 2011
  3. Nagar, A.L. and Das, R K, Basic Statistics, OUP, 1996
  4. Sirkin, Mark R, Statistics for the Social Sciences, Sage Publication, 2005

HS 615 Gandhi: The Man and His Ideas 
Gandhi’s life: experimental and dialogic approach; Gandhi and ‘Modern’ civilisation; ‘tradition’ and reform; his concepts of Truth/God, Ahimsa and Satyagraha; Gandhi’s religion; politics, centrality of individual autonomy and moral duty, incorporative nationalism and universalism – the ‘Oceanic Circle; Gandhi, reason, science and ethics; Gandhi, machinery, technology; Heavy industry and economic development; ’Constructive Programme’; State, sovereign power, and the citizen; Gandhi’s Feminism; Debates with Tagore; Relevance for our time.


[The lectures will guide the students through these readings with references to pages, sections and chapters. Additional references, where necessary or asked for by students, will be provided. Photocopies of articles from journals relevant to the themes will be provided during the lectures.]

  1. Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi. [CWMG], Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India, 1958-89; are available at including a comprehensive bibliography
  2. Anthony J. Parel, ed. Hind Swaraj and Other Writings. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Print.
  3. M. Gandhi, An Autobiography or The Story of My Experiments with Truth. Navajivan, 192 and subsequent reprints.
  4. Raghavan Iyer,. The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi, OUP, 1973.
  5. Erik Erikson, Gandhi’s Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence. Faber & Faber 1969
  6. Kathryn Tidrick, Gandhi: A Political and Spiritual Life, I.B. Tauris, 2006.
  7. Margaret Chatterjee,Gandhi’s Religious Thought, Macmillan, 1983
  8. Shriman Narayan Agarwal. The Gandhian Plan of Economic Development for India. Padma Publications, 1944
  9. Sabyasachi Bhattacharya, The Mahatma and the Poet: Letters and Debates between Gandhi and Tagore, National Book Trust, India, 1997
  10. David Hardiman, Gandhi in His Time and Ours, Permanent Black, 2003

 HS 619   Social Discrimination

Preamble: Understanding development necessitates engagement with, and questioning of, different forms of discrimination present in social structures, such as caste, class, gender, ethnicity, region, religion and others. While instances of discrimination based on singular identities of caste or gender are easy to identify and observe, very often it is important to theorize how intersection of different identities operate in real life situations. Drawing from sociological and economic literature, this course, will attempt to give the students of Development Studies aninter-disciplinary perspective on different forms of social discrimination.

Contents: Social construction of discrimination: forms of discrimination, understanding intersectionalities; Idea of justice: Justice as the ‘core’ of development, discrimination as negation of justice; Citizenship, differences and discrimination: group rights and social differences, public-private divide, active and passive citizenship, equality of access to opportunities and rights; Evidences and experiences of discrimination: family and hetero-normativity, social reproduction and labour market, education, health, law and public policies.

Texts& references:

  1. M. Nussbaum. Not for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities, Princeton University Press 2010.
  2. A. Deshpande and W. Darity, Jr. Boundaries of Clan and Color: Transational Studies of inter-group disparity, Routledge, London, 2003
  3. K.S. Chalam. Caste-bhased Reservations and Human Development in India, Sage Publications, 2010
  4. D. Jain and D. Elson. Harvesting Feminist Knowledge for Public Policy, Sage Publications and International Development Research Centre, 2011.
  5. A. Sen. Inequality Re-examined, Harvard University Press, 1992.








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