Principles of metal cutting; Mechanics of chip formation; Geometry of cutting tools and tool signatures; Orthogonal and oblique cutting; Metal cutting models: Merchant model, Lee- Shaffer model, Oxley model; Forces in metal cutting; Tribology in metal cutting; Surface roughness in machining; Thermal aspects of machining; Tool wear, tool life, tool materials, tool coatings and coating techniques; Economics of machining; Machinability; Cutting fluids: properties, types, application techniques, emissions and its adverse effects; Recent advances in machining: hard turning, high seed machining, diamond turning, machining of advanced materials, machining with minimum quantity cutting fluids and cryogenic fluids; Grinding: mechanics, forces, specific energy, temperature, wheel wear and surface finish; Other conventional finishing processes: honing, lapping, super finishing; Applications of FEM and optimization to machining as well as finishing.
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