Metal cutting: mechanics, tools (geometry: single and multi-point, nomenclature and tool signature, material, temperature, wear, and life considerations), chip formation; cutting fluids and surface finish; economics of machining; Machine tool: Generation and machining principles; Basic machining operations: lathe, milling, shaping, drilling, boring, grinding (cylindrical, surface, centreless), thread cutting, gear cutting; CNC machines; Finishing: microfinishing (honing, lapping), nano-finishing; Unconventional methods: electro-chemical, electro-discharge, ultrasonic, LASER, electron beam, water jet machining etc.; Tooling: Jigs and fixtures, principles of location and clamping; Rapid manufacturing and rapid tooling; Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and CAPP. Texts: A. Ghosh and A. K. Mallik, Manufacturing Science, East West Press, Second Edition, 2010.  G. K. Lal, Introduction to Machining Science, New Age International Pvt Ltd., 2007.  W. A. Knight and G. Boothroyd, Fundamentals of Metal Machining and Machine Tools, CRC Press, 2006. References: Production Technology HMT, Tata McGraw Hill, 2001. M. C. Shaw, Metal Cutting Principles, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2005. P. K. Mishra, Nonconventional Machining, Narosa Publishing House, 2007 C. Donaldson, G. H. LeCain, V C Goold and J Ghose, Tool Design 4e (SIE), 4th Edition, TMH, 2012. M. P. Groover, Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing, Materials, Processes and Systems, Second Edition, Wiley India, Reprint 2007.