X-Ray Techniques: Elements of Crystallography, Principles of X-ray diffraction, X-ray equipment and data analysis; associated techniques in X-ray spectroscopy; Fundamentals of elementa analysis. Optical/Electron Microscopy Techniques: Specimen preparation techniques for optical and electron microscopy in metallurgy. Elements of phase identification, grain size determination, inclusion analysis, Image analysis, etc.. Electron diffraction, SEM, Failure analysis and fractography, EDAX / EPMA, data analysis. Neutron Scattering Techniques: Diffraction, inelastic scattering and reflectometry. Thermal Analysis: Principles and applications of thermal analysis; DTA, DSC, TGA, TMA, DMA, etc. Mechanical Property characterisation: Principles and chartacterisation techniques related to Tensile, compressive, hardness, fatigue, and fracture toughness properties. Deformation; Superplasticity.
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 B. D. Cullitey, Elements of X-ray diffraction, Addison-Wesely, 1968.
 G. Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, Mc-Graw Hill, 1996.
 ASTM handbook, vol. 3, 1997.
 R.F. Speyer, Thermal Analysis of Materials, Marcel Decker, 1994.