Department of Humanities and Social Sciences


The department of Humanities and Social Sciences presently comprises of five disciplines: Economics, English (Language and Literature), Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology.


The Department has the unique role in complementing and enhancing the scientific spirit and technical knowledge with the humane and social values. The Department offers a number of courses at the B Tech level and the PhD programme in Economics, English, Philosophy and Psychology.


Course Structure of the Preparatory Courses




Course No.

Course Name

L – T – P – C




EN 001

Preparatory English I 

3 – 2 – 0 – 10




Course No.

Course Name

L – T – P – C




EN 002

Preparatory English II

3 – 2 – 0 – 10



Course Structure of the B Tech courses




Course No.

Course Name

L – T – P – C




HS 104

Words, Sounds, Rhetorics

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 105

Introduction to Economics

3 – 0 – 0 – 6 

HS 106

Introduction to Psychology

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 107

Introduction To Philosophy

3 – 0 – 0 – 6 

HS 108

Introduction to Drama

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 109

Introduction to Sociology

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 110

Introduction to Cultural Studies

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 111

Introduction to Linguistics

3 – 0 – 0 – 6



HS 2xx electives 


Course No.

Course Name

L – T – P – C




HS 202

Economic Development, Problem and Policy

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 206

Voices, Cultures, Strategies

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 208

Philosophy: History and Problems

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 212

Cognitive Psychology

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 214                

Introduction to Cultural Studies

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 226

Introduction To Archaeology

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 230

Economic Theory: An Introduction                        

3 – 0 – 0 – 6




Course No.

Course Name

L – T – P – C




HS 203

Problems of Philosophy

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 204

American Literature: A Retrospect and Structural English for Communication

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 205

Business Economics

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 211

Philosophy: styles and methods

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 213

Consumer Behaviour

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 215

Leadership and Communication in Historical Drama

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 216

Sociology of India:  Conformities and Contradictions 

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 217

Tradition, Modernity and Social Change

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 219

Culture and Environment: A Materialist Approach

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 220

Sociology of Science

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 221

Language, Culture and Cognition

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 223

Language And Society

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 224

Game Theory And Economics

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 225

Philosophical Issues In A Technological Age                               

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 226


3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 227

International Economics

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 228

Principles Of Governance                

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 233

Ethnic Conflict and Management

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 234

Introduction To Linguistics

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 235

History of Modern India 

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6

HS 236

Introduction To Phonetics

3 – 0 – 0 -- 6




Course No.

Course Name

L – T – P – C




HS 301

Money and the Financial System

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 305

Human Resource Management

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 306

Phenomenology and



Analytical Philosophy

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 308

Language and Communication

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 309

Contemporary Indian Literature in English

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 310

Concepts and Ideologies in Social Life  

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 311

Applied Psychology 

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 312

Critical Thinking

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 314

Science, Technology And Innovation: Sociological Perspectives

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 315

Sound Structure Of Language And Speech Analysis

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 316

Public Economics

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 321

Psychology of Health and Adjustment

3 – 0 – 0 – 6

HS 322

Industrial Organization

3 – 0 – 0 – 6




Course No.

Course Name

L – T – P – C




HS 401

Management of Organizational Behaviour

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 402

Philosophy of Science

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 403

Entrepreneurship and Economic Development

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 404

Literature and Cognition

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 405

Inventing the Truth: The Art and Craft of Autobiography                                     

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 406

Philosophical Issues

3 – 0 – 0 – 6



Communication: Technology, Culture and Drama

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 408

Sociology of Cyberspace

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 409

Environmental Economics

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 410

History of Contemporary India

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 412

India’s Northeast: A Panoramic Perspective  

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 413

Sociology of Communication

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 414

Economics Of Climate Change         

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 419

Understanding Sustainable Development

3 – 0 – 0 – 6


HS 420

Writing Systems of The World    

3 – 0 – 0 – 6




Detailed Syllabi


EN 001             Preparatory English I  (3 2 0 10)


English communication skills; Basic aspects of language skills, modes of writing, comprehension & composition, pronounciation, vocabulary extension, word order and structure of words; The fundamentals of grammer; textual pieces for literary appreiciation, non-traditional material; newspaper articles and advertisements.




1.     K. Mohan and M. Raman, Effective English Communication, Tata McGraw Hill , 2000.  

2.     Wren and Martin, English Grammar and Compositions, S. Chand & Co. Ltd., 2001.

3.     A. K. Mishra, Avoid Errors, L Bharathi Prakashan, 1998.


EN 002             Preparatory English Ii (3 2 0 10)


Forms of literature: drama, poetry, prose, essay and short stories; critical appreciation; letter writing, note taking, communicative skills; idioms and phrases; synonyms.




1.     G. Orwell, Animal Farm, Signet, 1988.




1.     P. M. Roget, Rogets International Thesaurus, Oxford University Press, 1978.

2.     R. Palgrave, Palgrave’s Golden Treasury, Palgrave, 1994.


HS 104             Words, Sounds, Rhetorics                   (3 0 0 6)


A study of origin of the word in English Language: tracing various roots, acquisition of meaning, rhetorical discourses (including elocution) & Figures of speech; The aural medium: international Phonetic Association’s system of sounds or signs, vowels, consonants, syllables, stress & intonation; Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion which would contribute fresh insights and interesting findings in sociolinguistics and phonetics.




1.     B. Shaw, Pygmalion: A Romance in Five Acts, Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 1954.

2.     K. Mohan and M. Raman, Effective English Communication, Tata Mcgraw-HiII, 2000.




1.     Bose and Sterling, Rhetolics & Prosody, Chanerjee & Co., 1970.

2.     P. M. Roget, Rogets International Thesauras, OUP, l978

3.     English Mastery, ESL software Dept, American Language Academy, Rockville, 2000.

4.     I. Smith and Higgins, The Phonetis Tutor, 2000.

5.     My Fair Lady, CD of musical based on Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion.


HS 105             Introduction To Economics                  (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisite: Nil


Definition of economics, subject matter, scope and nature of economics; Basic concepts: goods, utility, wealth, value, consumption, human wants; Demand: concept, law and elasticity; Supply: concept, law and elasticity; Factors of production; National income: definition, concepts and measurement; Costs and revenue concepts; Economic system: basic ideas; Money: evolution, definition and its function; Banking: central bank and its function; Commercial bank: functions, balance sheet and essentials of sound banking; Public finance: public Vs private finance, subject matter, taxes, impact, incidence and shifting of taxes; Budget; Economic growth and development: definitions, measurement, obstacles and basic requirement.




1.     J. K. Mitra, Economics, World Press Pvt. Ltd., 1998.




1.     P .A.  Samuelson and W. D. Nordhans, Economics, Mc Graw Hill Inc., 1995.

2.     S. B.Gupta, Monetary Economics, S. Chand & Co. Ltd., 2002.

3.     B. P.Tyagi, Public Finance, Jai Prakash Nath & Co., 1998.

4.     M. L. Jhingan, The Economics of Development and Planning, Vrinda Publ., 1997.


HS 106             Introduction To Psychology                 (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisite: Nil


The nature and history of psychology; Methods of psychology; Perceptual processes: Attention; Constancies and Illusion; Psychophysics - Classical Psychophysics & Signal Detectability; Learning: Thorndike; Classical Conditioning; Operant Conditioning; Cognitive Learning (Tolman, Kohler); Transfer of Learning; Memory: STM-LTM model, Forgetting -major theories; Emotion -major theories: James-Lange theory, Canon-Bard theory; Papez-MacLean theory; Lindsley’s activation theory; Schachter’s cognitive theory; Intelligence -- major model; Measurement of abilities; Personality -- Trait and Type approaches; Psychodynamic approach; Learning approaches/Social learning theory; Measurement of Personality; Genetic and environmental determinants of individual differences.




1.     C. T. Morgon, R. A. King, J. R. Weisz and J. Schoplor, Introduction to Psychoogy, TMGH, 1993.

2.     E. R. Hilgard, R. C. Atkinsorl and R. L. Atkinson, Introduction to Psychology, Oxford and IBH, 1976.

3.     R. A. Baron, Psychology, Prentice Hall, 1996. 

4.     N. R. Carlson and W. Buskist, Psychology: The Science of Behaviour, Allyn & Bacon, 1997. 


HS 107             Introduction To Philosophy                 (3 0 0 6)


Introducing philosophy; history of western philosophy; darsana: subject matter of philosophy; theories of knowledge: rationalism, empiricism, skepticism; pramanas; introduction to logic: inference: deductive, inductive, symbolic; mind and consciousness: philosophical perspectives.




1.     J. Perry and M.Bratman, Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings, Oxford University Press, 1999.

2.     B. Russell, A History of Western Philosophy, Routledlge, 1992.

3.     I. Copi and C. Cohen, Introduction to Logic, Macmillan, 1986.




1.     J. N. Mohanty, Reason and Tradition in Indian Thought, Clarendon Press, 1992.

2.     Colin McGinn, The Character of Mind: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind, Oxford University Press, 1997.

3.     M. M. Agrawal, Ethics and Spirituality, Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, 1998.

4.     Daya Krishna, Special issue on Historiography of Indian Civilizations, The Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research, Vol. 8, No.3 & 4, 1996.


HS 108             An Introduction To Drama        (3 0 0 6)


Culture and society; dramatic literarature as cultural production; representation of social reality in dramatic literature; stage convention of two distinct dramatic traditions: eastern and western; changes in dramatic techniques; dramatic impact and visual / auditory aspects of drama; importance of audience reception.




1.     W. Shakespeare, The Tempest, Oxford University Press, 2004.

2.     G. Karnard, Hayavadana, Oxford University Press, 1998.




1.     L. C. Knights, Drama and Society in the Age of Jonson, Cambridge University Press, 1962.

2.     S. K.  Das, A Historyu of Indian Literature, Vols 8 & 9, South Asia Books, 1991-95.


HS 109 I           Ntroduction To Sociology        (3 0 0 6)



Discipline and craft: origin, paradigm and discourse, sociology and commonsense; Primary concepts: society, community, institution, social structure, tradition and custom, social norms, folkways and mores; Methodology: observation and interview method, sampling, sociometry; Key thinkers: Comte, Spencer, Marx, Durkhiem, Weber; Sociological perspectives: functionalism, Marxism, feminism; Socio-cultural processes: social interaction, socialization, culture and civilization, social change; Emerging societies: modern, postmodern and techno-cultural societies.




1.     N. J. Smelser, Sociology, Prentice Hall, London, 1993.

2.     M. Albrow, Sociology: The Basics, Routledge, London, 1987. 




1.     P. Berger and T. Luckmann, An Invitation to Sociology, Anchor Books, New York, 1963.

2.     G. Lelia, Communication, technology and society, Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2001.



HS 110                                    Introduction to Culture Studies                                  3-0-0-6

Definitions of culture; features of culture; defining culture studies; difference between studies of culture and culture studies as a discipline; key concepts: culture and signifying practices: role of language, role of myths; representation: political and ideological construction of the nation state; identity: Concept of ‘Indianess’; power: race, gender, communities, age groups; Globalisation and glocalisation.


1.    Carol R. Ember and Melvin Ember, Cultural Anthropology , Prentice Hall, New Jersey,2002.

2.    Nilanjana Gupta (ed.) Cultural Studies, World View Publications, New Delhi, 2004.


1.    Kosambi D D, The Culture and Civilisation of Ancient India, Vikas Publishing House Ltd, New Delhi,2001.

2.    Chris Barker, Cultural Studies, SAGE Publications, New Delhi, 2005.

HSS 111           Introduction To Linguistics                  (3 0 0 6)


Core areas of linguistic structure: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics; Methods and concepts: syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships, grammatical categories, grammatical functions, form and meaning; English phonology, morphology and syntax; Current developments: generative grammar, optimality theory; Structural regularities and differences among languages; Sociolinguistics; psycholinguistics; neurolinguistics and language acquisition.




1.   A. Akmajian, R. Demers, A.K. Farmer and R. Harnish, Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.




1.   V. Fromkin, R. Rodman, and N. Hyams, Linguistics: An Introduction to Linguistic TheoryMalden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2001.

2.   S. Pinker, The Language Instinct. New York, NY: William Morrow, 1994.


HS 202             Economic Development, Problem And Policy  (3 0 0 6)


Economic Developmen: concept, indicators to development, growth and development; Developing countries diverse structure and common characteristics; Obstacles to economic development; Factors of economic growth economic and non-economic; Economic growth in historical perspective: basic concepts, kuznets characteristics of modern economic growth; Historical growth experience, its lessons for developing countries; Capital formation and economic development; Poverty and income inequalities in developing countries; Role of agriculture and industry in economic development; Entrepreneurship in economic development; Technology and economic development; Commercial policy; Balance of payments and trade strategy.




1.     S. K. Misra and V. K. Puri, Economics of Development and Planning, Himalaya Publishing House, 1998.

2.     M. L. Jhingan, The Economics of Development and Planning, Vrinda publications Pvt. Ltd., 1995.




1.     M. Todaro, Economic Development, Longman, 2001.

2.     G. M. Meier, Leading Issues in Economic Development, Oxford University Press, 1995.


HS 203             Problems Of Philosophy          (3 0 0 6)


Existence and the existent; freedom and commitment; reason and emotion; mind-body relationship; the problem of other minds; artificial intelligence.




1.     P. M. Church, Matter and Consciousness, The MIT press, 1984.

2.     C. G. Hill, and P. Lang, Jean-Paul Satre: freedom and commitment, 1992.

3.     A.C. Ewing, The fundamental questions of philosophy, Macmillan, 1951.


HS 204             American Literature: A Retrospect And Structural English For COMMUNICATION       (3 0 0 6)


The American Dream: Transcendentalism in the poems of Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson: Pastoral in Robert Frost; The American Paradox; naturalism in John Steinbeck & existentialism in Ernest Hemingway; Self liberation in Mark Twain & Societal values in Arthur Miller; English for communication integrating structural, functional and situational skills.




1.     E. Hemingway, The Snows of Kilimanjaro, Scribner, 1961.

2.     J. Steinbeck, The Red Pony, Mandarin Classics, 1993.

3.     M. Twain, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Penguin, 1998.

4.     A. Miller, A View from the Bridge, 1987.




1.     J. H. Richards, Interchange English for international communication, Cambridge University Press, 1998.


HS 205             Business Economics   (3 0 0 6)


Introduction: definition, meaning, subject matter and scope of business economics; Demand analysis and forecasting: meaning, type of demand, determinants of demand; law of demand, demand function, elasticity of demand; Demand forecasting: meaning and purpose, methods of forecasting; Production and cost analysis: production function, production analysis, short-run and long-run; Concepts of costs, determination of cost, economies of scale; Pricing: determinants of price, market structure, pricing under different market structures, perfect competition, monopoly and monopolistic competition, pricing methods in practice; Capital budgeting: meaning, evaluation of investment decisions, methods, structure of investment decisions and data needs.




1.     V. G. Mankar, Business Economics, Macmillan, 1999.

2.     G. S. Gupta, Managerial Economics, Tata McGraw Hill Company Limited, 1998.




1.     J. Dean, Managerial Economics, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, 1951.

2.     V. L Mote, S. Paul and G. S. Gupta, Managerial Economics: Tata McGraw Hill, 1998.


HS 206             Voices, Cultures, Strategies                 (3 0 0 6)


Diversity of cultures: aesthetics and varying literary genres, haikus of Basho: excerpts from Jorge Luis Borges Dreamtigers; selected poems from Rabindranath Tagore’s Gitanjali; Thomas Stearns Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock; excerpts from Rainer Maria Rilke Diaries of a young Poet, A short extract from Chinua Achebe novel, Things Fall Apart; The Past, and Somebody Else by Jackie Kay; The Foreword from Raja Rao’s Kanthapura and a short excerpt from The Serpent and the Rope. Language Strategies: understanding communication in interpersonal, group and public contexts.




1.     L. Stryk (Ed), On Love & Barley: Haiku of Basho, University of Hawaiii Press, 1985.

2.     J. L. Borges, Dreamtigers, Viking Press, 1996.

3.     R. N. Tagore, Selected poems, Penguin, 1991.

4.     M. Jain (Ed), Thomas Stearns Eliot: Selected poems, OUP, 1992. 

5.     R. M. Rilke, Diaries of a Young Poet, W.W. Norton & Company, 1997.

6.     C. Achebe, Things Fall Apart, Allied Publishers, 1958.

7.     J. Kay, Adoption Papers, Bloodaxe, 1991.

8.     R. Rao, Kanthapura, Orient Longman, 1989.

9.     R. Rao, The Serpent and the Rope, Orient Longman, 1995.

10.  J. Seely, The Oxford Guide to Writing & Speaking, OUP, 1998.




1.     S. J.Gearson, Technical writing, Process and Products, Pearson Education, 2001.

2.     R. B.Adler, Understanding Human Communication, OUP, 2003.

3.     Susan Stevenson & Steve Whitmore, Strategies for Engineering Communication, John Wiley & Sons, 2002.


HS 208             Philosophy: History And Problems      (3 0 0 6)


Philosophy and science: the nature and the structure of science, general characteristics of science, the foundations of modern physics, physics and the mind, the ideas of biology, the social sciences; philosophy and technology: science, technology and industry; moral issues: technology: liberation or enslavement?, medical ethics: case studies,  computer ethics, engineering ethics, managerial ethics: ethical decision making and cognitive framework, leadership and ethics, role of organizational context in ethical conduct:; bio- diversity: third world perspective; philosophy of religion: approaches  to the study  of religion:anthropological,feminist,sociological,phenomenological,psychological.




1. J. Fieser and J. Powers, Scriptures of the World’s Religions, Boston: McGraw Hill, 1998.

2.  Agassi, and R.S. Cohen, Scientific Philosophy Today, Vol. 67, D, Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Holland.1982.

3.  P.Connolly,Approaches to the study of religion, CASSELL, London and New York,1999.




1.     E.A. Butt, The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science, Dover Publ., 2003.

2.      H. Marcuse, One Dimensional Man, Ark Paperbacks 1964.

3.   R. Stuewear, Historical and Philosophical Perspectives in Science, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, U.S.A. 1970.

4.     V. Shiva, Monocultures of the mind, TWN, Third World Network, Penang, Malaysia 1993.

5.     J. Adler, Mortimer, 10 philosophical mistakes, Touchstone .1997.

6.     D. D.Grazia, T. A. Mappes (Ed) Biomedical Ethics New York, Cambridge University, 2003.

7.  R. Penrose, The Large, the Small and the Human Mind, Cambridge University Press, 1999.

8.     S. Richards, Philosophy and Sociology of Science, Basil Blackwell, England, 1983.

9.     R. Fellows (Ed), Philosophy and Technology, Cambridge University Press, 1995.


HS 211             Philosophy: Styles And Methods         (3 0 0 6)

Philosophy as the science of what is: Thales and Anaxagoras; philosophy as poetry: parmenides and the logic of being; philosophy as dialogue: Socrates.against writing; philosophy as analysis: Aristotle on well-being; representation and context in early modern philosophy; the order of discourse: from hermeneutic to structuralism; history and historiography in the enlightenment.



1.     J. Barnes, M. Schofield and R. Sorabji (Eds), Articles on Aristotle, Vol. 3, Duckworth, 1979.

2.     B. Jowett, The Dialogues of Plato, D. Appleton & co., 1898.

3.     B. Jowett, Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics, Random House, 1937.

4.     M. Foucault, The Order of Things, Vintage Books, 1973.

5.     M. Blanchot, The Infinite Conversation, University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

6.     G. Gadamer, Truth and Method, Sheed and Ward, 1975.

7.     M. Heideggger, Basic Problems of Phenomenology, Indiana University Press, 1982.

8.     S. Kierkegard, The concept of Dread, Princeton University Press, 1944.


HS 212             Cognitive Psychology              (3 0 0 6)


Introduction: schools of psychology: pre-scientific era, structuralism, functionalism, associationism, behaviourism, gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, humanistic & extistential psychology, cognitive psychology, fields, emerging fields; Physiological foundations of cognition: peripheral & central nervous systems, impulse transmission, brain imaging & basic neural processes, perceptual processes: vision, audition & other senses; Cognitive development: during infancy, early childhood, later childhood, adolescence, adulthood & old age, cognitive dissonance and cognitive framework in self-attribution; learning & cognition: basic learning processes- habituation, conditioning: classical & operant, cognitive learning, avoidance learning, punishment, generalization & discrimination, concept learning, verbal, motor learning and transfer of learning; Memory: basic neural operations, systems: sensory, STM, organization in STM, working memory, phonological Loop, visuo-spatial sketch pad, LTM, levels of processing, implicit vs. explicit memory, autobiographical memory, constructive memory, measurement of retention, forgetting, theories, improving memories and loss of memory; Language & cognition: language elements, meaning & concepts, pragmatics, verbal & nonverbal communication and psycholinguistics; Thinking: level of processing approach, role of symbols, images & language, concept attainment, problem solving: strategies & stages, reasoning, stages of creative thinking, artificial intelligence.




1.     M. Eysenck and M. T. Keane, Cognitive Psychology: A Student’s Handbook, 4th Ed, Psychology Press, 2000.

2.     M. W. Eysenck, Principles of Cognitive Psychology, 2nd Ed, Psychology Press, 2001.

3.     J.P. Das, The Working Mind, Sage Publications.




1.     A. Parker, E. L. Wilding and T. J. Bussey, The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory, Psychology Press, 2002.

2.     B. Rapp, The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology, Psychology Press, 2000.

3.     J. B. Best, Cognitive Psychology, 5th Ed, Wiley, 1998.


HS 213             Consumer Behaviour               (3 0 0 6)


Introduction: consumer research: process, methods & tools; Market segmentation – bases, effective targeting & strategic implementation; Internal influences on consumer behaviour: information processing, consumer perception: dynamics, imagery & perceived risk; Exposure & attention; Learning theories and brand loyalty; Motivation, emotion & attitude: motives & needs – nature, types & systems, theories and their marketing implications: Maslow’s, consistency, optimum stimulation; Conflict – marketing implications; Types of emotion, levels of affective response: marketing application, appeals; Personality, lifestyle & self concept: definitions, theories & marketing implications – psychoanalytic, socio-psychological, trait; Consumer diversity, self-concept - marketing application, lifestyle, psychographics, AIO: application to marketing, personality variables & consumer market: Evaluative criteria & purchase choice: definition, evoked set, nature, opinion leadership, levels of consumer decision making, decision heuristics : compensatory & non-compensatory model, claims & support: types & strategies, appeals & reasoning, store attributes affecting choice, shopping orientations, unplanned choice; Social & cultural influences: family & household, role structure & influences, family communication pattern: marketing implications; Social class, general implication; Types of reference groups; Types of socialization: marketing implications, culture: characteristics, measurement & core values




1.     L. G. Schiffman and L. L. Kanuk, Consumer Behavior, Prentice-Hall, 1997.

2.     D. A. Statt, Understanding the Consumer- A Psychological Approach, Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.




1.     R. C. Webb, Psychology of the Consumer and Its Development- An Introduction, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.


HS 214             Introduction To Cultural Studies          (3 0 0 6)


Approaches to culture: basic terms and concepts, idea of culture, definitions, worldviews, scope and development, historical antecedents and recent trends, individual, self, class, community, identity, power, ideology, cultural politics, counterculture, subcultures and cults; Applied and contemporary cultural studies: audience, communication, flow, message, medium, image, high vs pop culture, mass, discourse, the politics of representation, cultural analysis, modern vs postmodern cultures, technology and culture, the idea of the posthuman, extended individuals and prosthetics, cyborgs, hyperreality, simulation, internet, new age wisdom.




1.     J. R. Benton, Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities, Prentice Hall, 1988. 

2.     M. Gdurham and D. M. Kellner (Eds), Media and Cultural Studies: Key Works, Blackwell, 2001.




1.     P. Brooker, A Glossary of Cultural Theory, Arnold, 2000.

2.     E. Hallman (Ed), Cultural Encounters, Routledge, 2000.

3.     F. Mulhern, Culture/Metaculture, Routledge, 2000. 


HS 215             Leadership And Communication          In Historical Drama      (3 0 0 6)


Dramatic literature and society; representations of leaders in drama: eastern and western; dramatization of the politics of power; leadership and structures of power; leadership and communication; drama and communication strategies: rhetoric and oratory; major issues in contemporary communication theory; dramatic literature and historical drama; historical drama and dominant conceptions of historical truth and utility of history; introduction to new historicism.




1.     W. Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Oxford University Press, 2004.

2.     G. Karnad, Tughlaq, Oxford University Press, 1998.




1.     J. Dollimore and A. Sinfield (Eds), Political Shakespeare: essays in Cultural Materialism, Manchester University Press, 1985, 94

2.     S.K. Das, A History of Indian Literature, South Asia Books, 1991-95.


HS 216             Sociology Of India:  Conformities And Contradictions             (3 0 0 6)


Social realities and unique institutions of India: Caste / Jati: nature and forms of caste; Tribe and Caste; Family: nature, economy and law; Village: nature and change in village community; Agrarian class: structure, inequality, tensions; Politics and society in contemporary India: Nationalism, Secularism, Communalism, Regionalism, Insurgency; Continuity and Change: Tradition and Modernity




1.     L. Dumont, Homo Hierarchicus, University of Chicago Press, 1980.

2.     A. M. Shah, Household dimension of Family in India, Orient Longman, Delhi, 1973.

3.     G. S. Ghurye, Scheduled Tribes, Popular Prakashan, Bombay, 1963.

4.     M. Marriott, Village India: Studies in the little community, Asia Publishing house, 1961.




1.     P. C. Joshi, Land reform and agrarian change in India and Pakistan since 1947, The Journal of Peasant studies,Vols. 1, 2 & 3, 1974.

2.     N. R. Ray,Nationalism in India, Aligarh Muslim University, 1973.

3.     M. N.  Srinivas.Social change in Modern India, Allied Publishers ,Bombay, 1966.

4.     R.  Guha, Elementary Aspects of Peasant insurgency in Colonial India, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1983.

5.     Y.  Singh,Modernization of Indian Tradition, Thomson Press,Delhi,  1973.

6.     B. G. Verghese ,India’s North East Resurgent- Ethnicity,insurgency,Governance,Development ,Konark      Publishers Pvt.Ltd ,Noida ,1996.


HS 217             Tradition, Modernity And Social Change          (3 0 0 6)


Social change: patterns of change, inevitability of change, factors and conditions of change, direction of change, planned change, perspectives on social change; Significance of culture in understanding social change: rise of popular culture; Modernity and relevant concepts: disenchantment, alienation, urbanization, industrialization, globalisation, development, revolution, social movements; India’s response to modernity, little and great tradition in India; Relations between planning and development: desired role of political leadership in economic reforms, role of culture in social development, reorganizing values for development;  Postmodernism: technology and social change.




1.     Y. Singh, Culture Change in India, Rawat Publications, 2002.

2.     Y. Singh, Modernization of Indian Tradition, Rawat Publication, 1988.

3.     S. C. Dube, Understanding Change, Vikas Publishing House, 1992.




1.     M. Marriott, Village India: Studies in the little community, Asia Publishing house, 1961.

2.     D. Sinha and H.S.R Rao (Ed), Social Values and Development:Asian Perspectives,Sage Publications, 1988.

3.     S. N. Eisentadt, Tradition Change and Modernity,  John Wiley and Sons, 1973.


HS 219                                  Culture and Environment: A Materialist Approach                                        3-0-0-6


Relationship between culture and environment; Cultural Materialism; Materialism and Culturalism; environmental determinism; Cultural determinism; Contemporary Approaches to Studying the Environment - Nature-Society Relations; Subsistence Patterns and Environments; Population and Environment; cultural ecology; Symbolic Anthropology.




1. R. Scupin and C. R. DeCorse, Anthropology- A Global Perspective, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt.Ltd. New Delhi, 2004.

2. K. Zimmerer and T. J. Bassett, Political Ecology: An Integrative Approach to Geography and Environment-Development Studies. Guilford Press. 2003.




J. Steward, Theory of Culture Change: the Methodology of Multilinear Evolution, University of Illinois Press,   Urbana,1955


HS 220                                                             Sociology Of Science                                                  (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisite: Nil


Social context of production of scientific knowledge: demarcation, autonomy, cognitive authority of science and challenges; Organisation and professionalisation of scientific knowledge: science as a social institution and the ethos of science; Inequalities in science: Matthew Effect, Mertonian paradigm; Social legitimation: interests, meanings and values; Science policies in India: Scientific Policy Resolution (1958), Technology Policy Statement (1983), Science and Technology Policy (2003)




  1. N. Stehr and V. Meja, eds., Society and Knowledge: Contemporary Perspectives in the Sociology of Knowledge and Science, Revised 2nd edition, Transaction Publishers, 2005.




  1. T.S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago University Press, 1970.
  2. K. Popper, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Basic Books, 1959.
  3. D. Raina and S.I. Habib, Domesticating Modern Science: A Social History of Science and Culture in Colonial India. Tulika Books, 2004.


HS 221                                                             Language, Culture and Cognition                                    (3 0 0 6) 

Language: evolution, form and content; Issues in language and cognition: history, various views and areas of study; Cultural bases of language and cognition: embodiment, universalism / relativism, schemas, categorization, metaphor and mental imagery; Linguistic encoding: space, time, kinship, color, body; Recent trends in research: first and second language acquisition, spatial language comprehension, fictive motion etc.



1. Croft, W. and D.A. Cruse, Cognitive Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, 2004.

1. A. Akmajian, R. A. Demers, A. K. Farmer, R. M. Harnish. Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication.       MIT Press, 2001
J.J Gumperz & S.C.Levinson. Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press,1996.
3., R.W. Langacker.  Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Stanford University Press, 1987.


 HS 223             Language And Society                                    (3 0 0 6)


Prerequisite: nil


Sociology of language; Linguistic variation: language and dialect, regional and social varieties, register variation; Languages in contact: language contact, change, shift and death, pidgins, creoles, koine and mixed language, bi/multilingualism; Language in social context: social networks, speech communities, gender, style and social meaning; Language and ethnicity: language attitude, linguistic identity, language of culture and thought; Interaction: discourse analysis, politeness and power strategies; Sociolinguistic variables: phonetic, lexical and grammatical; Applied sociolinguistics: language policy and language planning, multilingualism and education.




  1. R. Wardhaugh. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 5th Ed. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2005.
  2. P. Trudgill. Sociolinguistics: An Introduction to Language and Society, 4th Ed.  Penguin Books, 2000




  1. C.B. Paulston and  G.R. Tucker.  Sociolinguistics: The Essential Readings. Blackwell Publishing. 2003
  2. R.A Hudson. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge University Press, 1996

HS 224       Game Theory And Economics                                                                (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisite: Nil


Definition of game theory; Games with perfect information: strategic games, examples, Nash equilibrium,   best response functions, dominated actions, symmetric games and symmetric equilibria; Illustrations: Cournot's model, Bertrand's model, electoral competition, the war of attrition, auctions, accident law; Mixed strategy equilibrium: definition and illustrations; Extensive games with perfect information: Nash equilibrium and subgame perfect equilibrium, finite horizon games and backward induction, illustrations; Coalitional games and core.    




1. M. J. Osborne, An Introduction to Game Theory, Oxford University Press, 2004.




1. A. Mas-Colell, M. D. Whinston and J. R. Green, Microeconomic Theory, Oxford University Press, 1995.

2. R. Gibbons, A Primer in Game Theory, Pearson Education, 1992.


HS 225             Philosophical Issues In A Technological Age                               (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisites: Nil


Technology: meaning, philosophy and value; technology, community and culture: work, leisure, technophobia and technocracy; technology and democracy; technology and rural development: need for organizational renewal; technology and the environment: the virtual neighborhood; technology, art and music; technology and health; technology, humanism and post humanism; feminist critiques of technology; technology and alienation.




1  Arnold Pacey, Meaning in Technology, MIT, 1999.

2. Carl Mitcham and Robert Mackey. Philosophy and Technology: Readings in the Philosophical Problems of Technology ,Free Press, 1983.



1. Lewis Mumford, Art and Technics ,Columbia University Press, 2000.

2. Craig Hans (ed.),Technology and Values: Essential Readings,Chichester:Willey-Blackwell,2010.



HS 226                                                 Introduction To Archaeology                                                                 ( 3-0-0-6)


Pre-requisite: Nil


Definition; the nature and aims of Archaeology; the speculative phase; digging Pompei, past and present; evolution, Darwins Great Idea; categories of Archaeological evidence, plant, animal  and human; dating  methods and chronology, relative dating methods, absolute dating methods ; brief overview on world civilizations - Egyptian, Greek, Mayan, Indus Valley, Mesopotamian and Chinese; Archaeology in action, case study on origins of rice farming in Southeast Asia; Archaeology and the public, Archaeological Ethics, the uses of the past, conservation and destruction, presentation of the past.



1.     C. Renfrew and P. Bahn, Archaeology, Thames and Hudson, London,2008.

2.     2. A. Toynbee, A Study of History, Thames and Hudson, London,1988.



1.     C. Gamble, Archaeology: the basics, Routledge, New York, 2004.

2.     C.J.Whithrow, Time in History: views of time from Prehistory to the present day, O.U.P, Oxford, 1988.


HS 226                                                 Macroeconomics                                              (3-0-0-6)


Macroeconomics: concepts and aggregates, national income accounting, circular flow of income and production in two-three-four sector economy; Consumption and investment spending: IS-LM model, Classical and Keynesian models; Stabilization policies: inflation and unemployment, wage-unemployment relationship, rational expectations; Monetary and fiscal policy: role of multiplier, balance of payments, role of central bank; Business cycles: recession, depression, hyperinflation and deficits.




1. R. Dornbusch, S. Fischer, and R. Startz, Macroeconomics, Tata McGraw Hill, 9th edition, 2006 

2. E. Shapiro, Macroeconomic Analysis, Galgotia Publications (P) Limited, 5th edition, 2006




1. R. J. Barro, Macroeconomics, MIT Press, 5th edition, 1997

2. R. T. Kaufman and N. G. Mankiw, Macroeconomics, Worth Publishers, 6th edition, 2006  



HS 227             International Economics                                                                                                                3-0-0-6


Early trade theories: absolute advantage, comparative advantage; Terms of trade: offer curves, gains from trade, Factor endowment and Heckscher-Ohlin model; Balance of payments: current account, capital account, balance of trade; International monetary system: IMF, World Bank; Exchange rate volatility: fixed exchange rate, floating exchange rate; Multilateral trade agreements: GATT, UNCTAD, WTO.



  1. D. Salvatore, International Economics, Wiley, 2003
  2. Bo Sodersten, Geoffrey Reed, International Economics, Palgrave Macmillan, 3rd edition, 2008 (reprint)


  1. P.R. Krugman& Maurice Obstfeld, International Economics: Theory and Policy, Addison Wesley, 2008


HS 228         Principles Of Governance                                                        3-0-0-6


Governance: theoretical roots of governance; World Bank’s definition of governance, three basic principles of governance: efficiency, accountability and transparency; UNDP’s eight indicators  of good governance, World Bank’s seven formulations; decentralization of governance; local governance; environmental governance; e-governance; multi-level governance; marketization; public-private partnership; social capital, communitization and social constructivism; good governance and administrative reforms in India.



1. B. Chakrabarty and M. Bhattacharya, The Governance Discourse: A Reader , Oxford, 2008.

2. M. Bevir, Key Concepts in Governance, Sage, 2009.




1. V. Chhotray, Governance Theory and Practice , Palgrave-Macmillan, 2008.

2.  World Bank, Governance and Development, Washington DC, 1992.


HS 230                                                Economic Theory: An Introduction                        HS 230                                                       


Pre-requisite: Nil


 Microeconomic theory: consumer behaviour: preference, utility, indifference curve, its properties, income and prices, budget line; Derivation of demand: graphically and mathematically using optimization technique, effects of price and income, demand elasticities, income and substitution effects, consumer’s surplus; Production: output and inputs, short run and long run, law of variable proportions, returns to scale, different costs and revenues in competitive market conditions, profit maximisation and supply function, supply elasticities, opportunity cost; Markets: perfect competition, monopoly; Macroeconomic theory: national income: different aggregative concepts, methods of estimation of national income, circular flow of income, international trade and exchange rate, simple Keynesian model and income multiplier; Money and banking: role of central and commercial banks, money creation; Public finance: public revenue and expenditure, direct and indirect, progressive and regressive tax; Policy implications.




2.     P. A. Samuelson and W. D. Nordhaus, Economics, McGraw Hill Inc., 2005.

3.     A. C. Chiang, Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics, McGraw Hill Inc., 2005.





5.     R. S. Pindyck and D. L. Rubinfeld, Microeconomics, PHI, 2005.

6.     G. N. Mankiw, Principles of Macroeconomics, Thomson, 2008.



HS 233                                                      Ethnic Conflict and Management                                                                                (3-0-0-6)    


Ethnic conflict: concepts and causes; Approaches exploring the causes, escalation and destructive consequences of violent conflicts and political instability of states in South and Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Balkans, and Eastern Europe; Implications of conflicts: changing power relations between different ethnic groups, intra and inter state politics; Strategies of mobilization; Management of conflict; Case studies: historical backgrounds and recent developments.




1. Stanley Tambiah,     Leveling Crowds: Ethnonationalist Conflicts and Collective Violence in South Asia,    University of California Press, 1997.


2. Donald,    Horowitz, Ethnic Groups in Conflict, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1985.




1. Anthony D. Smith, Theories of Nationalism. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.


2. Jacques Bertrand, Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Indonesia, Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2004.



HS 234                                     Introduction To Linguistics                  (3- 0- 0- 6)


Core areas of linguistic structure: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics; Phonetics: the vocal tract, articulation of vowels and consonants; Phonology: distinctive features, segmental and phonotactic structure, suprasegmental structure; Phonemic analysis, underlying representation and rewrite rules; Phonological processes: assimilation, dissimilation, metathesis, deletion, ellipsis, syncope; Morphology: inflectional and derivational morphology, compounding, reduplication; Syntax: innatenesss and Universal Grammar, categories, phrase structure rules, thematic relations, argument structure, Wh-movement, case and government, noun phrase movement, anaphors and binding; Semantics: the principle of compositionality, intension, extension, reference, denotation and truth conditions.




  1. A. Akmajian, R. Demers, A.K. Farmer and R. Harnish, Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication, MIT Press, 2001.

2.     W. Grady, J. Archibald, Contemporary Linguistic Analysis, 6th Ed, Prentice Hall, 2009.





  1. V. Fromkin, R. Rodman, and N. Hyams, Linguistics: An Introduction to Linguistic Theory. Blackwell Publishers, 2001.


HS 235                         History of Modern India                                                (3  0 0 6)


Introduction to the study of Indian history; Decline of pre-colonial rule; Transition to the British Empire; Transformation of rural economy; Merchants and cities; Resistance and repression: peasant and tribal rebellions, the rebellion of 1857; Expansion of the British Empire: caste and enumeration, census, cartographic surveys; Collaboration and resistance; Reform and revival; Early nationalist movement; Indian nationalism from 1920s: the age of Gandhi; Partition and Independence: memory and trauma; Postcolonial India.




1.     S. Bose and A. Jalal, Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy, Oxford University Press, 2010.

2.     C. Markovits, ed. A History of Modern India, 1480-1950, Anthem University Press, 2004.




1.     B. D. Metcalf and T. R. Metcalf ed. A Concise History of Modern India, Cambridge University Press, 2006.

2.     J. Nehru, The Discovery of India, Penguin, 2008.


 HS 236                                   Introduction To Phonetics                (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisites:  Nil



Course Outline:


Basic terms in phonetics: speech sounds, phonemes, allophones, syllables,stress and rhythm; Articulatory phonetics: vocal organs, vowels, consonants, place of articulation, manner of articulation, voicing, phonation, stricture types, co-articulation; Acoustic phonetics: speech sounds, sound waves, loudness and pitch, voice quality, wave analysis, spectrum, glottal wave, resonance, noise; Auditory phonetics: hearing,perception of speech sounds, acoustic signal and speech perception, models of speech perception, native vs. non-native speech perception.




        1. J. C. Catford, A Practical Introduction to Phonetics, Oxford University Press, 2001.

        2. H. Rogers,The Sounds of Language, Longman, 2000.




        1. P. Ladefoged, Elements of Acoustic Phonetics, Chicago University Press, 1996.

        2. P. Ladefoged, Phonetic Data Analysis, Blackwell Publishing, 2003.


HS 301             Money And The Financial System        (3 0 0 6)


Money: definitions, functions, measures of money supply in india; Concept of high powered money (H); Financial system: functions and importance; Financial markets: structure and different markets; Central bank: its functions; Commercial banks: functions, balance sheet; co-operative banking system in India; Development banks; Non-bank financial intermediaries; Unregulated credit markets; Allocation of institutional credit; Interest rate: heterogeneity, interest rates differentials, equalizing and non-equalizing differences in interest rates; New financial developments: Narasimham committee report on financial system.




1.     S. B. Gupta, Monetary Economics: Institutions, Theory and Policy, S.Chand and Co.Ltd, 2002




1.     L. V. Chandler and S. M. Goldfeld, The Economics of Money and Banking, Harper and   Row, 1977.

2.     S. B. Gupta, Monetary Planning in India, OUP, 1995


HS 305             Human Resource Management             (3 0 0 6)


Human Resource Management: Concept, definitions, objectives, and scope; Traditional personnel management and modern HRM approaches; Human Resource Planning: Approaches, processes, and objectives; Recruitment: Concept, objectives, factors, sources, methods, and evaluations; Selection: Concept, objectives, and methods; Orientation and Induction: Concept, process of socializing the employees; Employee Training: Concept, factors, purpose, methods and development; Performance Appraisal: Purpose, objectives, approaches, methods, and MBO; Internal mobility: Concept of promotion, demotion, transfer, suspension, and concept of job enrichment and job enlargement; Compensation and Reward System: Concept, objectives, methods.




1.     A. Monnappa & M.S. Saiyadain. Personnel Management, TMH, 1998.

2.     E. B. Flippo. Personnel Management, McGraw Hill, 1976.

3.     W. Cascio, Managing Human Resource, McGraw-Hill, 1998.

4.     H. J. Bernardin and J. E. A. Russell, Human Resource Management: An Experiential Approach, McGraw-Hills, 1998.


HS 306             Phenomenology And Analytical Philosophy    (3 0 0 6)


Husserlian phenomenology: introduction: the genesis of Heidegger’s ‘Being and Time’; the phenomenology of Merleu-Ponty; reflections on Mohanty’s theory of philosophy; mind and brain sciences in the 21st centuries.




1.     R. Sokolowski, Introduction to Phenomenology, Cambridge University Press, 2003.

2.     R. Bernet, An Introduction to Husserlian Phenomenology, Northwestern University Press, 1993.

3.     M. C. Dilon, Merleu-Ponty’s Ontology, Indiana University Press, 1988.

4.     Charles Guigron (Ed), The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger, Cambridge University Press. 1933.

5.     J. N. Mohanty, Transcendental Phenomenology: An AnalyticaJ Account, Blackwell Publisher, 1989.

6.     D. Krishna, K. L. Sharma, The Philosophy of J. N. Mohanty, ICPR, 1990.

7.     R. L. Solso, Mind and Brain Sciences in the 21st Century, MIT Press, 1999.


HS 308             Language And Communication                        (3 0 0 6)


Language and the brain: brain organization for language, aphasia, aqrammatism, neurolinguistics, bilingualism, language acquisltion, phonology: the organs of speech, places of articulation, vowels, diphthongs and consonants, intonation syntax, descriptive grammar, generative grammar, functional grammar, immediate constituency analysis, morphology, tree structures, semantics, pragmatics, synthetic truth, analytical truth, semantic field, Grice’s cooperative principle, metaphorical language, speech act theory, language and society, registers, standardization, language and power, Indian English.




1.     G. Finch, Linauistic Terms and Concepts, Macmillan, 2000.

2.     L. K. Obler and K. Gjerlow, Language and the Brain, Cambridge University Press. 1999.

3.     A. Goatly, The Language of Metaphors, Routledge, 1997.


HS 309             Contemporary Indian Literature In English       (3 0 0 6)


Contemporary Indian literature in english; examination of main themes; Postcolonial Theory; readings from a few key theorists; some postcolonial issues for discussion; nation and narration; culture and identity; history and the nation; the subaltern; representations of the subaltern; dalit poetry.




1.     S. Tharoor, The Great Indian Novel, Aracde Books, 1991.

2.     V. Tendulkar, Ghashiram Kotwal, Seagull Books, 1986.

3.     A. Dangle (Ed), Poisoned Bread, Orient Longman, 1992.




1.     G. N. Devy, In Another Tongue: Essays on Indian English Literature, Macmillan, 1995.

2.     M. Mukherjee, The Perishable Empire: Essays on Indian Writing in English, Oxford University Press, 2000.

3.     S. Khilnani, The Idea of India, Penguin, 1999.


HS 310             Concepts And Ideologies In Social Life                        (3 0 0 6)


Eminent Sociologists and their different views of social life:St simon: Positivism;Herbert Spencer:  Functionalism, Organic analogy; Talcott. Parsons: System analysis; Robert K. Merton: Codification of Functional analysis;  Max Weber:  Social action and Rationality,  Types of social groups; Emile Durkheim: Forms of Solidarity and Division of Labour;  Political  Sociology: Power and Authority, Consensus and Conflict, State and Stateless societies: Nuer and Zulu  political systems of Africa,  Elites and Masses;  Economic Sociology: Division of Labour, Occupational specialization ,Property.




1.     R. Aron, Main Currents in Sociological Thoughts, Pelican Books, 1980.

2.     T. B. Bottomore, Sociology-A Guide To Problems and Literature, Blackie and Son Publishers Pvt Ltd, 1978.

3.     M. Weber, Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Allen & Unwin, London, 1976.




1.     T. Parsons and E. A. Shils, Towards a General Theory of Action, Harper and Row, New Work, 1952.

2.     M. Gluckman, Custom and Conflict in Africa, Oxford Basil Blackwell, 1960.

3.     C. W. Mills, The Power Elite, Oxford University Press, 1956.


HS 311 Applied Psychology     (3-0-0-6)


Prerequisite: NIL


Applied psychology and applied social psychology: concepts and issues, attitude- nature, measurement, formation, and change, group dynamics- intergroup behaviour, communication processes, conflict and resolution; Psychology and advertising: psychological study of advertising- historical and contemporary perspectives, psychological factors-perception, memory, learning and attitude, models- AIDA, elaboration likelihood and heuristic-systematic models; Psychology at work: accident, safety and performance, accident proneness principle, prediction and reduction, human engineering; Work and well-being- technological adaptation and behavioural consequences, psychophysiology of stress, work and stress model, stressors, consequences of stress, stress management, biofeedback applications.




  1. R. Bayne, and I. Horton, Applied Psychology, Sage publications, 2003.
  2. A. Furnham, The Psychology of Behaviour at Work, Psychology Press, 1997.
  3. D. Harris, Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, Aldershot: Ashgate, 1997.


1.  R. Gifford, (Ed.), Applied psychology: Variety and opportunity, Allyn and Bacon, 1991.

2.  M.L. Blum, and J.C. Naylor, Industrial Psychology, CBS Publishers & Distributors, 1984.

3.  D.M. Pestonjee, Stress and Coping: The Indian Experience, 2nd ed., Sage Publications, 1999.


HS 312             Critical Thinking                      (3-0-0-6)


Pre-requisite: Nil


Introduction: nature and scope; basic concepts: truth and validity, arguments, premises; language: words and meanings, intention and extension of terms, definitional techniques; propositions: components, quality, quantity and distribution; immediate inferences: conversion, obversion, square of opposition; mediate inferences: categorical syllogisms – form, mood, figure, rules of inference; hypothetical and disjunctive syllogisms; propositional logic: symbols and translation, truth functions, truth tables for arguments; inductive reasoning; fallacies: formal, informal; philosophy and critical thinking: Indian and western




  1. L. Vaughn, The Power of Critical Thinking, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
  2. P. J. Hurley, A Concise Introduction to Logic, London: Wadsworth, 2000.




  1. I. M. Copi, Introduction to Logic, New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India, 2004.


HS 314                                 Science, Technology And Innovation: Sociological Perspectives            (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisite: Nil


Science and technology as socio-technical systems; Innovation in science and technology: socio-historical and politico-cultural processes; Emergence of knowledge economy; Knowledge society and the role of researchers; Science and innovation policy research; Science and democracy; Public sector – industry linkages; Transition from single-helix to triple-helix model of innovation: government–academia–private R&D institutions networking; Diffusion and commercialisation of research; Techno-entrepreneurship; Intellectual property rights: north–south debate; Scientific knowledge in India: from public resource to intellectual property




  1. B. Jones and B. Miller, Innovation Diffusion in the New Economy: The Tacit Component, Routledge, 2007.
  2. A. Webster and K. Packer (Eds.), Innovation and the Intellectual Property System, Kluwer Law International, 1996.




  1. Federal Trade Commission, To Promote Innovation: The Proper Balance of Competition and Patent Law and Policy, A Report by the Federal Trade Commission, 2003.
  2. D.E. Stokes, Pasteur’s Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation, Brookings Institution Press, 1997.
  3. P. Murmann, Knowledge and Competitive Advantage: The Coevolution of Firms, Technology and National Institutions, Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  4. C. Edquist and M. McKelvey (Eds.), Systems of Innovations, Volumes I and II, Elgar, 2000.


HS  315   Sound Structure Of Language And Speech Analysis             (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisite:  Nil

Fundamentals of speech production and perception; Conventions for representing the sounds of the world's languages; Grammar of speech sounds in various languages; Distinctive features; Phonological patterning and interaction; Syllable structure; Feature geometry; Phonological rules and representations; Underlying and surface forms; Derivations; Processes in child phonology; Morpho-phonemic processes; Constraint-based versus derivational phono­logical grammars; Phonetics-phonology interface; Categorical versus gradient sound patterns; Preliminaries of Acoustic Phonetics; Tools and techniques of speech analysis: softwares, spectrographic analysis and acoustic measurements.




  1. P. Ladefoged, A Course in Phonetics. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College, 2006.
  2. D. Odden, Introducing Phonology. Cambridge University Press, 2005.       



  1. M. Kenstowicz, Phonology in Generative Grammar. Wiley-Blackwell, 1994.
  2. P. Ladefoged, Elements of Acoustic Phonetics. University of Chicago Press, 1996.
  3. P. Lieberman and S.E. Blumstein. Speech Physiology, Speech Perception and Acoustic Phonetics. Cambridge University Press, 1988.
  4. K. Johnson, Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics. Blackwell, 2003. 
  5. C. Gussenhoven and H. Jacobs, Understanding Phonology. Hodder Arnold, 1998.

HS 316    Public Economics                                                                 3-0-0-6


Public sector in a mixed economy: market failure, the economic rationale of government intervention, public goods and publicly provided private goods, merit goods, public choice; Public sector expenditure: externalities, income redistribution and expenditure programmes, healthcare, social security, cost-benefit analysis; Public sector revenue: tax incidence, efficiency and equity issues, the Indian tax system, tax reforms; Fiscal federalism: fiscal principles and concepts, fiscal institutions; Fiscal policy and economic stabilization: fiscal instruments, deficit and surplus budget, public sector debt, internal and external debt, symmetrical and asymmetrical debt, debt management.



1.     J. Stiglitz, Economics of the Public Sector, W. W. Norton and Company, 2000

2.     B. P. Herber, Modern Public Finance, A.I.T.B.S. Publishers, Indian reprint, 1999


1.     A. Bagchi (edited), Readings in Public Finance, Oxford University Press, 2005

2.     R. A. Musgrave, P. B. Musgrave, Public Finance in Theory and Practice, McGraw Hill International, Fifth edition, 1989


HS 321             Psychology of Health and Adjustment                                      (3-0-0-6)


Course Goals

This course is designed to provide insights into the dynamics of human adjustment and mental health in a changing environment. It will address various issues related to human adjustment in personal as well as professional life. More specifically, this course will address: (1) Dynamics of human adjustment (2) Adjustment in the interpersonal realm (3) Adjustment in the transition period of life (e.g. adolescence, adulthood, professional life, adversity or traumatic events) (4) The concept of physical and mental health and their interactions and (5) Psychotherapy. Special emphasis will be given on experiential learning where students will be encouraged to participate in various self-reflective exercises and case study discussions to use the information from the text and lecture.


Course Contents


Dynamics of human adjustment; Stress and trauma: nature and consequences; Problem focused and emotion focused coping; Psycho-neuro-immunology: basic concepts, mechanisms, and applications; Human personality and adjustment: psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic and biological perspectives, terror management theory, assessing personality; The self: basic principles of self perception, self regulation and self presentation; Social thinking and social influence: forming impression of others, prejudice and discrimination, persuasion, conformity and compliance; Interpersonal communication: communication problems, interpersonal conflict, effective communication; Development in adolescence and adulthood: transition of adolescence and adulthood, aging and death; Careers and work: models of career choice and development, coping with occupational hazard; Mental and physical health; Habits, lifestyles and health; Psychological disorders: anxiety, somatoform, dissociative, mood and schizophrenic disorders; Psychotherapy: insight and behavioral therapies



1.  W. Weiten, and M. A. Lloyd, Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st Century, Wadsworth Publishing, 2007.

2.  E. Atwater, Psychology for Living: Adjustment, Growth, and Behavior Today, Prentice Hall, 1994.


1. J. Ogden, Health Psychology, McGraw Hill, 2007

2. H. Herrman, S. Saxena, and R. Moodie, Promoting mental health: concepts, emerging evidence and practice, WHO, 2005.



HS 322                         Industrial Organization                        (3 0 0 6)


Pre-requisite:  Nil


Preamble: The course provides an overview of various market forms and role of the government. Moving beyond introductory models of perfect competition and monopoly, it takes up issues such as oligopoly, various pricing strategies in the context of imperfect competition, the importance of information and the role of regulatory as well as antitrust authorities. Detailed case studies, wherever applicable, supplement the theoretical part. The course will equip the students with the tools to analyze current industrial scenario and policies.


Course Content


Cost concepts in single and multi-product firms, economies of scale and scope; Perfect competition; Monopoly, monopsony, and bilateral monopoly: price discrimination and two part tariff; Product differentiation and monopolistic competition; Oligopoly models: Cournot, Bertrand and Stackelberg, formation and stability of cartels; Role of imperfect information; Antitrust laws; Regulation: peak-load pricing, Ramsey pricing, average cost pricing.




1.     D W Carlton and J M Perloff, Modern Industrial Organization, Pearson, 4th Ed, 2004. 

2.     J Church and R Ware, Industrial Organization: A Strategic Approach, McGraw Hill, 2000.




  1. J Tirole, The Theory of Industrial Organization, MIT Press, 1988



HS407        Communication: Technology, Culture and Drama            (3-0-0-6)


Pre-Requisite: Nil


Technology and culture: base, superstructure, hegemony, alienation, commodity fetishism and cultural materialism; ‘technologization’ of culture; techno-culture; consumption; culture and communication in the age of globalization; impact of changes in language and communication: theory of the public sphere; readings from selected theorists: Habermas, Thompson and Baudrillard; Drama as communication; dramatic art as mediated representation of culture; drama in the age of technology; modern and postmodern drama; drama and  communication of cultural critique: the Absurd Theatre as a case study.




  1. A. Giddens ed., The Polity Reader in Cultural Theory, Polity Press, 2004.
  2. H. Pinter, The Dwarfs and Nine Revue Sketches, Faber and Faber: London, 1998.
  3. S. Beckett, Waiting For Godot, Grove Press: New York, 1954.




  1. A. Appadurai, Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization, Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1996.
  2.  S. During ed., The Cultural Studies Reader, Routledge: London, 1993.
  3. R. Williams, Problems in Materialism and Culture: Selected Essays, Verso, 1980.
  4. M. Esslin, The Theatre of the Absurd, Pelican, 1980.




HS 408                                              Sociology of Cyberspace                                                            (3-0-0-6)


Pre-Requisite: Nil



Orientations: information age, perspectives of information society; Social impact of information technology: global village, surveillance, computer literacy, information versus knowledge, netizens versus citizens; Cyber sociology: cybernetics and socialization, identity and anonymity, order and deviance, co-operation and conflict, emergence of cyber society; Cyber culture: cultural politics of cyber space, political economy in cyber space, spirituality and cyberspace, cyber ethics and law, cyber crime, cyber relations, social implications of cyber culture on society.




1. P. Nayar, Virtual Worlds, Sage Publications: London, 2004.

2.D.Tofts, A.Jonson and A. Cavallaro ed., Prefiguring Cyber Culture: An Intellectual History, MIT Press: New York, 2003.




1. M. Castells, The Rise of Network Society, Blackwell: Oxford, 1996.   

2. G. Lelia, Communication, Technology and Society, Sage Publications: New Delhi, 2001.



HS 409                                     Environmental Economics                                          (3–0–0–6)



Prerequisite: Nil


The economy and the environment: economy-environment interaction, the first and second law of thermodynamics, environmental degradation as market failure, Pigouvian tax, property rights and transactions costs; Economics of natural resources: renewable and non-renewable resources, common property resources, open access, the tragedy of commons; Valuation methods: classification of environment and resource flows, use values, option values and non-use value, contingent valuation, hedonic pricing, travel cost method, environmental impact assessment; Pollution control: pollution prevention, control and abatement, command and control instruments and market based instruments – taxes vs. tradeable permits, overview of different acts/laws for pollution control in India ; Environment and development: environment-development trade off, environmental Kuznet’s curve, poverty and environment, sustainable development- concepts and indicators, environmentally adjusted GDP, System of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA).





  1. N. Hanley, J. F. Shogren and B. White, An Introduction to Environmental Economics, Oxford University Press, 2001
  2. C. Kolstad, Environmental Economics, Oxford University Press, 2000




1.     U. Sankar (ed.), Environmental Economics (Readers in Economics), Oxford University Press, 2001

2.     T. Tietenberg, Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, Pearson Education, 2004


HS 410                                     History of Contemporary India                                                 3-0-0-6


Independence and consequences of the partition; Making of the constitution; Towards a nation-state: general election, annexation of princely states; Resettling boundaries: linguistic re-organisation of the country; Land reform and the agrarian question; Planning commission and development programme; International disputes: Indo-Pak wars-1947, 1965, 1972, Indo-China war 1962 ; Social conflicts and caste mobilisation; From Nehruvian legacy to regional political formations; Environment and Polity; Popular culture and the making of contemporary India.   



1.     R. Guha, India After Gandhi, HarperCollins, 2007.

2.     B. Chandra, A. Mukherjee and M. Mukherjee, India since Independence, Penguin, 2008.





1.     B.R. Tomlinson, The Economy of Modern India, 1860-1970, Cambridge, 1996.  

  1. P. R. Brass, The Politics of India since Independence, Cambridge, 1994.










Organizations: Formal - Informal; Scientific Management and Human Relation Era: Hawthorne Studies; Classical Organization Theory and Design; Modern Organization Theory: Organization as an Open-System; Motivation: Content theories; Process theories; Reinforcement Theories; Group Dynamics and Team Development: Types of Groups and their attributes; Quality Circles and their role in Total Quality Management (TQM); Leadership & Influence Strategies:  The Classical Theories of leadership: Iowa, Ohio and Michigan Leadership studies. Trait theory of leadership; Group and Exchange theory of leadership; Charishmatic and Transformational leadership theories; Indian Researches on Leadership and Influence strategies; Organizational Culture and Climate: Recent Developments in the area; Indian studies on Organizational culture; Work Culture; Stress in work settings: Organizational stressors, extraorganizational stressors and group stressors; Effect of occupational stress, and individual dispositions and their role in work stress; Decision Making: Contemporary models of Behavioural DM; The Delphi Technique and the Nominal Group Technique.




1.     L. N. Jewell & M. Siegall, Contemporary Industrial/Organizational Psychology, West Publishing Company, 1990.

2.     D. Katz and R. L. Kahn, The Social Psychology of Organizations, Wiley, 1966.

3.     S. P. Robbins, Organizational Behaviour, 1995.

4.     F. Luthans, Organizational Behaviour, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

5.     U. Sekarn, Organizational Behaviour: Text and Cases, Tata McGraw Hill, 1996.

6.     K. H. Blanchard and P. Hersey, Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources, Prentice-Hall India, 1993.




1.     M. D. Dunnett, Handbook of Industrial-Organizational Psychology, Jaico Press, 1990.

2.     M. A.  Ansari, Managing people at work: Leadership styles and influence strategies, Sage, 1990. 

3.     J. B. P. Sinha, Work Culture in Indian Context, Sage, 1990.


HS 402 PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE                  (3 0 0 6)


Philosophy of science: objectives, nature and scope, philosophy as a human science and science as natural philosophy.

Nature of scientific explanation: causal laws of Descartes and Liebniz; the pragmatics of explanation: the unification model of explanation; Case studies: Galileo’s laws describing the motion of freely falling bodies and projectiles and derivation of Newton’s laws and Kepler’s laws; Induction: falsifiability, justification and complexity of scientific inferences; ambiguities of induction and Goodman’s new riddle of induction; Case study: Bayles’ theorem; Metaphysics of scientific entities: realism about scientific entities; Space, time, creation and evolution: Indian and western perspectives; Case studies: axiomatism and computational positivism in mathematics, Godel’s theorem; Confirmation of scientific theory: objective evidence, Aristotle’s worldview and later developments; problem of under determination of theory by evidence; Case studies: Heisenberg’s indeterminacy and quantum collapse; Case study :causation and belief revision: detennination and self-organization, Ramsey test and counterfactual worlds. Geuetic prediction and ethical issues; Challenges to the objectivity of science: the challenge from Kuhnian relativism, the challenge from the sociology of scientific knowledge and social constructivism, the challenge from feminist epistemology and feminist philosophy of science. Case study.




1.     G. Galilie, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, translated by S. Drake, Modem Library, 2001.

2.     S. I. Newton, Newton’s Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and His System of the World: The System of the World, Translator A.  Motto, Kessinger Publishing Company, 2003.

3.     A. I. Rosenberg, Philosophy of Science: A Contemporary Introduction, Routledge, 2000.

4.     W. C. Salmon, Four Decades of Scientific Explanation, University of Minnesota Press, 1989.




1.     F. Suppe, The Structure of Scientific Theories, 2nd Ed, University of Illinois Press, 1977.

2.     B. Latour and S. Woolgar, Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts, 2nd Ed, Princeton University Press, 1986.

3.     C. Howson and P.  Urbach, Scientific Reasoning: The Bayesian Approach, 1989.

4.     D. L. Hull and M. Ruse, The Philosophy of Biology, Oxford University Press, 1998.

5.     R. Klee, Introduction to the Philosophy of Science: Cutting Nature at Its Joints, Oxford University Press, 1997.




Entrepreneurship and an entrepreneurial perspective, economics and entrepreneurship, significance of entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship in relation to small business and corporate venture; Entrepreneurship and innovation: creativity, innovation –technological innovation and scientific knowledge, success factors for entrepreneurship; Business planning for a new venture: the concept of a planning paradigm, the four stage growth model, fundamentals of feasibility plan, steps/common elements; Marketing analysis and competitive analysis, strategies; Forms of business enterprises, Sole proprietorship, partnership and corporations; Financial resources- Project financing: fixed and working capital requirements, equity  financing , securities market, venture capital ; debt financing, banks and financial institutions and other non-bank financial sources., Government programmes : direct loan assistance and subsidies, Appraisal of project financing by banks and financial institutions in India. Managing growth and transition: the organization life cycle; The entrepreneur’s perspective, changing roles.




1.     D. H. Holt, Entrepreneurship, New Venture Creation, Prentice –Hall of India, 1999.

2.     S. B. Gupta, Monetary Economics, Institutions, Theory and Policy, S. Chand & Company Ltd, 2002.




1.     D. F.  Kuratko and R. M. Hodgetts, Entrepreneurship, A Contemporary Approach, The Dryden Press, Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1998.

2.     R. Vishwanathan, Industrial Finance, S. Chand & Company Ltd, 1988.

3.     L. M. Bhole Financial Institutions and Markets, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2001.




Mind and consciousness: key issues from the scriptures to computers, western cognitive science: overview of historical development, key concepts and contributors, perspectives on creativity: myths and evolution, Sanskrit and western cognitive poetics, folk psychology and cultural relativity: culture-specific texts, cognitive modeling of literary texts I: schemas, scripts, frames and stereotypic knowledge representation, cognitive modeling of literary texts II: parabolic projections and conceptual integration networks, beyond cognitivism in creativity: the hard problem of the author’s mind.




1.     M. Turner, The Literary Mind, Oxford University Press, 1996.

2.     M. Boden, The Creative Mind: Myths and Mechanisms, Roultedge, 19910.




1.     D. Reisberg, Cognition: Exploring the Science of Mind, Norton, 2001.

2.     R. L.Solso and D. W. Massaro (Eds), The Science of Mind: 2001 and Beyond, Oxford University Press, 1995. 

3.     R. A Wilson and Frank C. Keil (Eds), The MIT Encyclopaedia of the Cognitive Sciences, MIT Press, 1999. 




Understanding and revisiting autobiography as a literary genre; The ideology of the genre in traditional autobiography: roles and functions; Autobiography as a means of self-expression: personal and social growth; Elements and shape of stories in crafting Life Narratives: Time and Language; Confession: the narrative self and Identity: history, race, ethnography and culture; The politics of subjectivity and resistance; Tensions between creativity, verisimilitude and sacred secrets; Interplay between Self, Mind and Inner Speech; Connection of  Autobiography to memory, terror, trauma, , gender, class and space; Autobiography  and Truth: forms of truth, fiction and truth; Journaling  as a central feature of autobiographic narrative  :  the beginnings, the objective and the  scientific, rhetoric and style; Revising Autobiography, Almanac and Memoir; Imagining future  autobiographical manifestoes in media and technology: alternative futures for the 21st Century ‘I’ , websites as new sites for Life Narratives, blogging  and weblogs as public journals.




1.     A.P.J., Abdul Kalam, Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of APJ. Abdul Kalam, Orient Longman, 1999.

2.     M.K., Gandhi, An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments With Truth, Beacon Press, (Reprint) 1993.

3.     N., Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela Tag, Back Bay Books, 1995.

4.     C. L., Hobbs, The Elements of Autobiography and Life Narratives, University of Oklahoma, Longman, 2004.




1.     M. L. King Jr., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr., Warner Books, 2001.

2.     A. Hitler, Mein Kampf, Mariner Books, Reissue edition, 1998.

3.     M. Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, New York, Bantam, 1971.

4.     M. M. Bakhtin, The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays, M., Holquist, (Ed), Austin, University of Texas Press, 1981.

5.     B. Franklin’s Autobiography, W. W. Norton & Company, 1985.

6.     J. J. Rousseau, Confessions, W. C., Mallory (Trans), 1782 (1st published), eBooks@Adelaide, 2004.

7.     A. Frank, Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, 1947, (1st published), Bantam, 1993.

8.     D. Lama. Freedom in Exile, San Francisco, Harper, 1991.


HS 406             PHILOSOPHICAL   ISSUES                  (3 0 0 6)

Thinking: understanding of insight, importance of metaphor in insight, understanding the process of abstraction; BEING: allegory of the cave by Plato, world of becoming in Aristotle; Bodiliness: experience of body as object, experience of body as subject, phenomenology of the body, human person as factical being; emotion, body and self: gender differences in emotional experience and expression; Freedom: existentialism and humanism in Jean Paul Sartre; man’s search for meaning: the philosophical doctrines of Wittgenstein ;Intersuubjectivity: critique of Western logocentrism, communicative ethics, the experience of indifference, the experiences of hate, and love, loving encounter.




1.     D. Levy, The Integrity of Thinking, University of Missouri Press, 2002.

2.     P. Ricour, What Makes Us Think? A Neuroscientist and a Philosopher Argue About Ethics, Human Nature, and the Brain, Princeton University Press, 2002.

3.     P. Abela, Kant’s Empirical Realism, Oxford University Press, 2002.

4.     F. Baid, 20th Century Philosophy. Prentice Hall, 2002.

5.     R Kraut, Plato’s Republic: Critical Essays, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1997.




1.     M. Brainward, Belief and its Neutralization: Husserl’s System of Phenomenology in Ideas I, SUNY Press, 2002.

2.     H. Cohn, Heidegger and the Roots of Existential Therapy, Continuum Publications, 2002.

3.     L. Fagg, The Becoming of Time: Integrating Physical and Religious Time,Duke University Press, 2002.

4.     L. Lawlor (Ed), Merleau-Ponty: Non-Philosophy and Philosophy. Chiasmi International, 2002.

5.     G. Lloyd (Ed), Feminism and History of Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 2002.

6.     M. Graham and M. Phee, The Architecture of the Visible,Continuum Publishing, 2002.

7.     B. Pronger, Fascism: Salvation in the Technology of Physical Fitness, University of Toronto Press, 2002.

8.     J. Zylinska, On Spiders, Cyborgs and Being Scared: The Feminine and the Sublime, Manchester University Press, 2002.

9.     S. Kripke, Wittgenstein: On Rules and Private Language: an Elementary Exposition Harvard University Press, 1982.




Geography, history, population (tribes and communities), economy, education, industry, agriculture, natural resources of the region; Profiles of eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Manipur – North Eastern Council and its integrative role; Government and politics – elections – political parties, regional party formations and their histories – problems of development; Local governance – panchayat raj institutions, Sixth Scheduled institutions in tribal and hill areas, non-Sixth Scheduled institutions in Nagaland, traditional institutions, such as, Keban and Buliang in Arunachal Pradesh; Insurgency movements in the region – the Naga secessionist movement, the MNF movement during 1961-1986, the ULFA movement, the tribal armed insurgency in Tripura, the Bodo movement – peace processes since 1953 – a brief historical perspective; North East India and its connectivity with South and Southeast Asia – its role as a corridor, the Asian Highway and the Stilwell road.



1.         N.N. Pandey, India’s North-Eastern Region, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, 2008

2.         A. Baruah, India’s Northeast: Development Issues in a Historical Perspective,  Manohar, New Delhi, 2005..



1.         D. N.. Bordoloi, Tribes of Assam , Lawyers, Guwahati, 1998.

2.         S. Chaube, Hill Politics in Northeast India , Orient Longman, Bombay,1993

3.         P. Das, and N. Goswami (eds), India’s North East: New Vistas for Peace , Manas, New Delhi , 2008.

4.         E. Gait, A History of Assam , Thacker Spink, Calcutta, 1933.

5.         P. Hazarika, Economic Development and Ecological Balance in Assam , DVS, Guwahati, 2009.

6.         M. Taher, and P. Ahmed, Geography of North-East India , El-Dorado Publication, Guwahati, 1998


HS 413                         SOCIOLOGY OF COMMUNICATION                              3-0-0-6


Sociology of communication; Basic concepts: mass media, new media (ICTs), mass culture and popular culture; Tracing history: from radio networks to ICTs; Theoretical Perspectives: Bourdieu, Habermas, Thompson, Baudrillard, Hall; Role of communication media in socio-political and cultural change: manufacturing of public opinion, media stereotypes and representation, ICTs and digital divide, censorship; Television studies: audience and meaning constructions; Popular cinema: utopia & dystopia, constructing national culture; Youth subculture: globalisation, localisation, glocalisation; Gender and popular literature.




1.  M. Warschauer, Technology and Social Inclusion: Rethinking the Digital Divide, MIT Press, 2003

2.  S. During (edited), The Cultural Studies Reader, Routledge, 2000.




1. The Polity Reader in Cultural Theory, Polity Press, 2004.

2. J. Fiske, Reading the Popular, Routledge, 2000.



HS 414                         Economics Of Climate Change                         (3–0–0–6)


Introduction to climate change; Climate models and climate change debate; Economic growth, wellbeing and sustainability: Impact, Population, Affluence and Technology (IPAT) model, ecological footprint, green GDP; Climate change equity: economics, discounting, inter-generational equity, intragenerational equity and development rights; Concepts of adaptation and mitigation; Mitigation mechanisms: carbon trading versus carbon taxes, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD), Joint Implementation (JI) and voluntary markets; Costs of climate change and benefits of mitigation; Consensus on Climate Change: United Nations Framework Convention (UNFCC), Kyoto Protocol, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and other international agreements



1.     R.F. FitzRoy and E. Papyariks, An introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy, Earthscan publishers, 2010


2.     J.T. Hardy, Climate Change – Causes, Effects and Solutions, John Willey and Sons, 2003




1.     W. D Nordhaus, To Tax or Not to Tax: Alternative Approaches to Slowing Global Warming, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 1(1): 26, 2007


2.     C. Hadjilambrinos, For Richer or for Poorer? The Role of Science, Politics, and Ethics in the Global, Climate Change Policy Debate, Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, 19(6): 521531, 1999


3.     T. Hayward, Human Rights Versus Emissions Rights: Climate Justice and the Equitable Distribution of Ecological Space, Ethics and International Affairs, 21(4): 431450, 2008




HS 419             Understanding Sustainable Development                                                                                                         (3-0-0-6)



The history of Sustainable Development: From Malthus to Sustainable Development, The Brundtland Report, The United Nations Conference in Environment and Development, The World Summit on Sustainable Development; Millennium Development Goals (MGDs): the rationale for MDGs and its link with Sustainable Development; Principles of Sustainability: the precautionary principle and the safe minimum standard; Growth and sustainability: Impact, Population, Affluence and Technology (IPAT) model, ecological footprint, green GDP; Sustainable Development Indicators; Challenges to Sustainable Development: Natural resource depletion and Climate change; International Cooperation: Cooperation between regions, People’s Earth Charter, NGO’s and social entrepreneurs 




1.     Rogers P P,Jalal, K.F and Boyd, A.J, An Introduction to Sustainable Development, Earthscan, UK, 2007

2.     Daly H.E, Beyond Growth: the economics of sustainable development, Beacon Press, Boston, 1996




1.     WCED Our Common Future (Brundtland Report), Oxford University Press, 1987.

2.     World Bank, Report Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World: Transforming Institutions, Growth, and Quality of Life, World Development Report, 2003


HS 420                                     WRITING SYSTEMS OF THE WORLD                                       (3 -0 -0 -6)


Pre-requisites:  Nil


Theory and typology of writing systems: Classification of writing systems; Chinese, Japanese-Korean-Vietnamese, Cuneiform, Egyptian, Semitic, Greek, Roman, English, Indian Abugida, Maya; Theoretical Preliminaries: grapheme, allographs, free and bound graphemes, ligatures, relationship to spoken language, internal structure of writing, sociolinguistics of writing, non-segmental graphemes, unit discrepancies; Chinese: language of written Chinese, relationship between language and writing in Chinese; Japanese-Korean-Vietnamese: history of Japanese kana systems, adoption of kanji, history of Korean writing systems, creation of hangeul, Vietnamese scripts, adoption of Roman scripts in Vietnamese; Cuneiform: creation and evolution of cuneiform, internal structure, Ugaritic and Old Persian cuneiforms; Egyptian: History and evolution of hieroglyphs, deciphering of the Rosetta stone, reading hieroglyphs; Semitic: Abjad writing systems, history of Semitic scripts, Old Hebrew, Arabic, New Hebrew; Greek: evolution of Greek scripts, Phoenician, Linear B; Roman: Latin alphabet system, evolution; English: old English script, middle English script and modern English script; Indian Abugida: Abugida systems, internal structure of Abugida systems; Brahmi, Kharoshthi, Indic scripts; Maya: deciphering the Maya script, reading the Mayan calendar, internal structure of the Maya script.




            1. Henry Rogers, Writing Systems: A Linguistic Approach, Blackwell Publishing, 2005.

            2. Florian Coulmas, Writing Systems: An Introduction to their Linguistic Analysis, Cambridge University Press, 2003.




            1. Vivian Cook, The English Writing System, Arnold, 2004.

            2. Florian Coulmas, The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Writing Systems, Blackwell Publishing, 1999.