M.Tech
in Chemical Engineering
(Specialization:
Petroleum Science and Technology)

Semester I 



Semester II 

Course No 
Course Name 
LTPC 

Course No 
Course Name 
LTPC 
CL 501 
Advanced
Transport Phenomena 
3006 

CL 503 
Advanced
Thermodynamics 
3006 
CL 502 
Computer
Aided Numerical Methods 
2026 

CL 504 
Reaction
Engineering 
3006 
CL 511 
Petroleum
Reservoir Engineering 
3006 

CL 6XX 
Elective
II 
3006 
CL 512 
Petroleum
Refinery Engineering 
3006 

CL 6XX 
Elective
III 
3006 
CL 6xxx 
Elective
I 
3006 

CL 599 
Seminar 
0022 
CL 598 
Petroleum
Laboratory 
0055 





Semester
III 



Semester
IV 

CL 698 
Project
I 
002424 

CL 699 
Project
II 
002424 







Pool of
electives 

Course No. 
Course name 
CL 611 
Advanced Process Control 
CL 612 
Colloid and Interface Science 
CL 613 
Computational Fluid Dynamics 
CL 614 
Fluidization Engineering 
CL 615 
Optimization Techniques 
CL 617 
Petrochemicals 
CL 618 
Natural Gas Engineering 
CL 619 
Refinery Process Design 
CL 620 
Nonlinear Bifurcation Analysis 
CL 621 
Fuel Cell Technology 
CL 622 
Molecular Simulation: Principles and Application 
CL 623 
Polymer Science and Technology 
CL 624 
Computing in Chemical and Petroleum Engineering 
CL 625 
Fundamentals of micro‐nano
fluidics & microfabrication 
CL 626 
Energy Resources 
CL 627 
Multiphase Flow 
CL 628 
Catalysts and Adsorbents 
CL 629 
Membranes 
CL 630 
Composite Materials 
Molecular transport mechanisms and general properties; analogies
amongst momentum, heat, and mass transport; non‐Newtonian
fluids and rheological behavior; equation of change for isothermal and non‐isothermal
systems; review of Reynolds Transport theorem and Navier‐Stokes
equation with applications to flow of Newtonian and non‐Newtonian
fluids through various devices and under various flow conditions; turbulent
flow analysis; boundary layer analysis for momentum, heat, and mass transfer;
heat and mass transfer with chemical reaction; mathematical methods for
solution of transport equations. Texts/References: 1.
W. M.Deen, Analysis of
Transport Phenomena, Oxford University Press, New York, 1998 (First
Indian Edition, 2008). 2.
B. R. Bird, E. W. Stewart and N. E. Lightfoot, Transport
Phenomena, 2^{nd} Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2003 3.
J. C. Slattery, Advanced Transport Phenomena,
Cambridge University Press, 1999 4.
R. E. Treybal, Mass
Transfer Operations, 3^{rd} Ed., McGraw –Hill International
Edition, 1981. 5.
E. L.Cussler, Diffusion:
Mass Transfer in Fluid System, Cambridge University Press, 1997. 6.
J. P. Holman, Heat Transfer, 8^{th} Ed.,
McGraw‐Hill, 1997. 7.
R. W. Fox and A. T. McDonald, Introduction to Fluid
Mechanics, 5^{th} Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1998. 

Solution of linear system of equations; Nonlinear algebraic and
transcendental equations; Curve fitting: linear regression; Eigenvalue problems; Interpolation; Numerical differentiation
and integration; Solution of non‐stiff ordinary differential equations: Initial and boundary
value problems; Stiff differential equations; Solution of partial
differential equations: Parabolic, elliptic and hyperbolic partial
differential equations. Lab component: Writing programs
for the numerical methods to solve the system of algebraic and differential
equations by using mathematical software; Numerical solution of chemical
engineering problems through computer aided numerical methods. Texts/References: 1. A. Constantinides
and N. Mostoufi, Numerical Methods for Chemical
Engineers with MATLAB Applications, Prentice Hall, 1999. 2.
S. C. Chapra and
R. P. Canale, Numerical Methods for Engineers,
6^{th} Ed., McGraw Hill, 2010. 3.
S. C. Chapra,
Applied Numerical Methods with MATLAB: for Engineers and Scientists, 2^{nd
}Ed., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2010. 4.
J. H. Mathews and K. D.
Fink, Numerical Methods Using MATLAB, 4^{th} Ed., Prentice
Hall, 2003. 5.
S.K.Gupta, Numerical Methods for Engineers, 2^{nd} Ed., New age international (P) Ltd Publishers, New Delhi, 2010.
6.
P. Ghosh, Numerical
Methods with Computer Programs in C++, PHI, New Delhi, 2009. 7.
P. Ahuja, Introduction
to Numerical Methods in Chemical Engineering, PHI, New Delhi, 2010. 8.
S. Elnashaie,
F. Uhlig and C. Affane, Numerical
Techniques for Chemical and Biological Engineers using MATLAB,
Springer, 2007. 9.
M. B. Cutlip
and M. Shacham, Problem Solving in Chemical and
Biochemical Engineering with POLYMATH, Excel, and MATLAB, Prentice
Hall, 2008. 10.
W. Y. Yang, W. Cao, T.
Chung, S. Chung and J. Morris, Applied Numerical Methods Using
MATLAB, John Wiley, 2005. 

Thermodynamics
of phase equilibria; Estimation of thermodynamics
properties; Fugacity of gas and liquid mixtures; Excess Functions;
Calculation of vapor liquid equilibria using
equations of state; Classical and excess free energy based mixing rules; Theories
of solutions; Liquid models with special emphasis on NRTL, UNIQUAC and UNIFAC
theories; Solid‐Liquid Equilibria
(SLE); Vapor‐Liquid‐Liquid Equilibria(VLLE);Phase Equilibria of Solid‐Solid Mixtures. Texts/References: 1.
J. M. Prausnitz,
R. N. Lichtenthaler and E. G. de Azevedo, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid‐Phase Equilibria, Prentice‐Hall, 1999. 2.
S. I. Sandler, Chemical, Biochemical and
Engineering Thermodynamics, 4^{th} Ed., Wiley India, 2006. 3.
J. M. Smith, H. C. V. Ness and M.M. Abott, Introduction to Chemical Engineering
Thermodynamics, McGraw Hill, 2003. 4. A. Firoozabadi and F. Abbas,Thermodynamics of Hydrocarbon
reservoirs, McGraw‐Hill Professional
Publishing, 1999. 5. T.
Letcher, Chemical Thermodynamics for Industry, Royal Society of
Chemistry, London, 2004. 

Homogeneous reactions; Ideal reactors; Residence Time
Distribution (RTD); Non‐ideal reactors: Dispersion
model; Tank‐in‐series model; Heterogeneous catalytic
reactions; Catalyst deactivation; Design of catalytic reactors: Packed Bed
Reactor, Trickle bed reactor, Slurry reactor, Fluidized bed reactor; Non‐catalytic
fluid‐solid
reactions: Kinetics and Reactor design; Fluid‐fluid
reaction kinetics and reactor design. Texts/References: 1.
H. S. Fogler, Elements
of Chemical Reaction Engineering, 4^{th} Ed., Prentice‐Hall India, 2005. 2.
O. Levenspiel, Chemical
Reaction Engineering, 3^{rd} Ed., John Wiley, 1999. 3.
J. M. Smith, Chemical Engineering
Kinetics, 3^{rd} Ed., McGraw‐Hill, 1981. 4.
J.B. Butt, Reaction Kinetics and Reactor
Design, 2^{nd} Ed., Marcel and Dekker, 2000. 5.
G. F. Froment, K.
B. Bischoff and J. De Wilde, Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, 3^{rd}
Ed., Wiley‐VCH, 2010. 6. E.B. Nauman and B.A. Buffham, Mixing
in Continuous Flow System, John Wiley & Sons, 1983. 7. E.B. Nauman, Handbook of
Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization and Scaleup,
MGH publication, 2001. 

Origin and composition of petroleum;
Petroleum geology; Oil well drilling methods; Reservoir rock and fluid
properties; Material balance in oil and gas reservoirs; fundamentals of oil
and gas flow in porous media, General equation for radial flow of oil and gas
in reservoirs, Oil and gas well testing methods; Predicting reservoir
performance; Enhanced oil recovery: Water flooding, Polymer and caustic
flooding, Surfactant flooding, Microbial enhanced oil recovery and thermal
recovery methods; Introduction to Reservoir Simulation; Natural gas and Gas
hydrates. Texts/References:
5.
D.L. Katz and R.L. Lee, Natural Gas
Engineering, McGraw‐Hill, 1990. 

Characterization of crude oil and refinery products; crude
distillation process: atmospheric distillation unit (ADU), vacuum
distillation unit (VDU); Thermal and Catalytic cracking; Catalytic reforming;
Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking;
Light end processes: alkylation, isomerization and
polymerization; Heavy end processes: coking, vis‐breaking,
deasphalting and dewaxing;
Lube oil base stock (LOBS) production. Texts/References: 1.
J. H. Gary and G. E. Handwerk, Petroleum Refining: Technology and Economics,
4^{th} Ed., Marcel Dekker, 2001.


Determination of flash point of petroleum products;
Determination of smoke point of petroleum products; Adlake
burning test petroleum products; Vapour pressure of
petroleum fractions; Asphalt distillation; Tar viscometer; Freezing point of
petroleum fractions; Melting point of petroleum fractions; Determination of
drop point of petroleum fractions; Detection of contamination of gasoline and
diesel; Determination of salt in petroleum crude; U‐Tube
Viscometer. Refinery and Petroleum Engineering simulation using various software. Texts/References: 1.
G. G. Speight, Handbook of Petroleum
Analysis, 1^{st} Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2001.


Electives 

Discrete time systems, analog to digital and digital to analog
conversion, sampling of continuous time signal, conversion of discrete time
to continuous time signal with zero and first order holds, z‐transform,
stability analysis of discrete time systems, Design of digital controller,
Digital PID controller, Dahlin's algorithm,
deadbeat controller, pole‐placement and ringing.
State‐space
representation of systems, discretization of state
space model, transfer function to state space and state space to transfer
function models, stability analysis of state space models, Lyapunov stability criteria, controllability and observability canonical forms, state observers, design of
state space model based controller, model predictive controller, internal
model controller. Texts/References:


Basic concepts of colloids and interfaces; properties of colloidal
dispersions; surfactants and their properties; micelles, bilayers,
vesicles and liquid crystals; surface and interfacial tension; Young−Laplace equation; Kelvin equation; contact angle; intermolecular
and surface forces; DLVO theory; adsorption at interfaces; characterization
of solid surfaces; applications in detergents, personal‐care
products, pharmaceuticals, nanotechnology, and food, textile, paint and
petroleum industries. Texts/References:


Introduction: Transport equations, Analytical and numerical
solution of transport equations, Review of linear solvers; Analogical
behavior of momentum, mass and energy transport; Partial differential
equations: types, boundary conditions; Finite difference, finite element and
finite volume schemes: Grid generation and discretization;
accuracy, consistency, stability and convergence; explicit and implicit
formulation; solution of Navier‐Stokes
equation with various approach of simulation, staggered grid and collocated
grid solution, Solution of Convective‐diffusion equation; Solution
of chemical engineering problems ; Introduction to multiphase and turbulence
modeling. Texts/References:


The phenomenon of fluidization; Liquid like behavior of
fluidized bed; Advantages and Industrial applications of fluidized beds;
Dense bed fluidization; Distributors, gas jets and pumping power; Bubbles in
dense beds; Bubbling fluidized beds; Entrainment and elutriation from
fluidized beds; High velocity fluidization; Solid movement, mixing,
segregation and staging; Gas dispersion and gas interchange in bubbling beds;
mass and heat transfer between particle and gas; Heat transfer between
fluidized beds and surfaces; Design of fluidized bed reactors. Texts/References: 1.
D. Kunii and O. Levenspiel,
Fluidization Engineering, Butterworth, 1991. 2.
D. Gidaspow,
Multiphase Flow and Fluidization: Continuum and Kinetic Theory Description,
Elsevier Science & Technology, 1993. 3.
L.G. Gibilaro,
Fluidization‐dynamics, Butterworth‐Heinemann, 2001. 

Optimization basics and convexity; Multi‐dimensional constrained optimization: Gradient, Secant and
Newton methods; Karsh‐Kuhn‐Tucker optimality conditions; Linear programming: Simplex
method; Nonlinear programming: Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP),
generalized reduced gradient method (GRG) and penalty function methods; mixed
integer linear programming (MILP), mixed integer nonlinear programming
(MINLP), evolutionary optimization techniques: Genetic Algorithm, Simulated
Annealing, particle swarm optimization, differential evolution, self
organizing migrating algorithm and scatter search; formulation of
optimization models in process systems. Texts/References: 1. G.V. Reklatis,
A. Ravindran and K.M. Ragsdell,
Engineering Optimization ‐ Methods and
Applications, John Wiley, 1983 2.
S. S. Rao,
Engineering Optimization: Theory and Practice, 4^{th} Ed.,
John Wiley & Sons, 2009.
4.
T. F. Edgar, D. M. Himmelblau and L. S. Lasdon, Optimization
of Chemical Processes, McGraw‐ Hill, 2001. 5.
L.T. Biegler,
I.E. Grossmann and A.W. Westerberg, Systematic Methods of Chemical Process
Design, Prentice Hall International Series, 1997. 

Petrochemical
feedstock; Manufacture of acetic anhydride, acetone, acetic acid, adipic acid and aniline; Manufacture of benzene, toluene
and xylene (BTX); Manufacture of benzoic acid,
benzyl chloride, butyl acetate, carbon tetrachloride, chlorobenzene,
ethyl acetate, maleic anhydride, methyl ethyl ketone, phthalic anhydride,
polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, propylene and vinyl acetate; Transportation
of petrochemical products; Health and safety in petrochemical industries. Texts/References: 1.
M. Wells, Handbook of Petrochemicals and
Processes, 2^{nd} Ed., Ashgate
Publishing Co., 1999. 2.
S. Matar, Chemistry
of Petrochemical Processes, 2^{nd} Ed., Gulf Publishing Company,
2000.
4.
R. Meyers, Handbook of Petrochemicals
Production Processes, Mcgraw Hill, 2005. 

Determination of natural gas properties such as specific
gravity, psuedocritical properties, viscosity,
compressibility factor, gas density, formation and expansion volume, and
compressibility; Gas reservoir deliverability: analytical and empirical
methods, construction of IPR curve, Well bore performance for both single and
mist gas wells; Choke performance: Dry and wet gas flow in chokes; Well
deliverability using nodal analysis; Natural gas processing: dehydration, gas
treating, gas to liquids processing, compression and cooling; Natural gas
transportation and measurement; advanced natural gas production engineering:
Liquid loading, hydrate cleaning and pipeline cleaning. Texts/References: 1. B. Guo
and A. Ghalambor, Natural Gas Engineering
Handbook, Gulf Publishing Company, 2005.


Analogies between
refinery and Chemical Process Design; Graphical and analytical correlations
for refinery stream property estimation; refinery mass balances; design of
oil‐water separators; design
of light end units using Fenske Underwood and
Gilliland method; design of refinery absorbers and strippers; design of crude
and vacuum distillation units; design of refinery heat exchanger networks;
design of FCC units; furnace design. Texts/References: 1.
D. S. D. Jones, Elements of Petroleum
Processing, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1999 2.
R. Smith, Chemical Process Design and
Integration, John Wiley, 2005.


Introduction to mathematical
modeling and bifurcation analysis; Bifurcation analysis of one dimensional
dynamical system; Bifurcation analysis of higher dimensional dynamical
systems: two dimensional system, three dimensional system; Bifurcation
analysis of infinite dimensional system; Applications of bifurcation theory
in chemical kinetics and engineering. Texts: 1.
R. Seydel, Practical
Bifurcation and Stability Analysis, 3^{rd} Ed., Springer, 2009. 2.
S. Elnashaie,
F. Uhlig and C. Affane, Numerical
Techniques for Chemical and Biological Engineers using MATLAB,
Springer, 2007. 3.
S. Pushpavanam, Mathematical
Methods in Chemical Engineering, Prentice Hall of India, 2001. References:


CL 621 Fuel Cell
Technology (3006) Basic electrochemistry; introduction to fuel cells; fuel cell
thermodynamics; fuel cell reaction kinetics: electrode kinetics, exchange
current and electrocatalysis, simplified activation
kinetics, catalyst‐ electrode design; fuel
cell charge and mass transport; hydrogen production and storage; fuel cell
characterization: in situ and ex situ characterization techniques; low and
high temperature fuel cells; fuel cell system integration: balance of plant;
implementation scenarios: infrastructural requirements, safety and norm
issues, cost expectation and life cycle analysis of fuel cells. Texts/References: 1.
J. Larminie and
A. Dicks, Fuel cell systems explained, 2^{nd} Ed., John Wiley,
2003. 2.
W. Vielstich,
H.A Gasteiger and A. Lamm
(eds.), Handbook of fuel cells ‐ fundamentals,
technology and applications, Vols.
1‐4, John Wiley, 2003. 3.
B. Sørensen,
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells, 1^{st} Ed., Elsevier Academic Press,
2003 4.
X. Li, Principles of fuel cells,
Taylor & Francis, 2006. 

Fundamentals of
molecular simulations − Ab‐initio methods, basis
sets, Hartree‐Fock theory, density
functional theory, geometry optimization, vibrational
analysis; elementary, classical statistical mechanics, elementary concepts of
temperature, ensembles and fluctuations, partition function, ensemble
averaging, ergodicity; molecular dynamics
methodology − force field, integra ng algorithms, periodic box and minimum image convention,
long range forces, non bonded interactions, temperature control, pressure
control, estimation of pure component properties, radial distribution
function; molecular dynamics packages; Monte Carlo simulation − Monte
Carlo integra on, simple biasing methods,
importance sampling, Markov chain, transition‐probability matrix, detailed balance,
Metropolis algorithm; Monte Carlo simulation in different ensembles; Monte
Carlo simulation for polymer; advanced topics. Texts/References:
3.
D. A. McQuarrie, Quantum
Chemistry. Viva Books, New Delhi, 2003 4.
K. Binder, The Monte‐Carlo Method in Condensed Matter Physics, Springer‐verlag, Berlin,1992.


Classification of polymers; polymer structure; molecular weight;
chemical structure and thermal transition; synthesis of polymers;
polymerization mechanism and techniques; phase behavior, thermodynamics and molecular weight
determination; solid state properties of polymers; viscoelasticity
and rubber elasticity; degradation, stability and environmental issues;
polymer additives, blends, composites, thermoplastics, fibers, elastomers, thermosets, and
specialty polymers; polymer processing, rheology
and analysis using non‐Newtonian
fluid model; applications of polymers in separations Texts/References: 1.
P. J. Flory, Principles of polymer chemistry,
Asian Books, 2006 2.
M. Rubinstein and R. H. Colby, Polymer physics,
Oxford University Press, USA, 2003
4.
J. R. Fried, Polymer Science & Technology, Prentice
Hall of India, 2^{nd} Ed., 2009. 5.
F. W. Billmeyer ( Jr.), Text Book of Polymer Science, 3^{rd}
Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2002.


CL
624 Computing in
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering
(2‐0‐2‐6) Introduction to chemical
engineering computing; Nonlinear parameter estimation; Computation of thermodynamic
properties; Computation of vapour‐liquid and chemical
reaction equilibria; Transport processes: momentum,
heat and mass transfer; Modeling of chemical processes; Lumping analysis in
petroleum processing; computation of properties of petroleum fractions;
Kinetic modeling in processing of heavy petroleum fractions ; Applications of
computing in chemical, petroleum reservoir, and refinery engineering. The following modules are to be solved by using mathematical
software in the laboratory sessions. •
Problem solving through computer aided
numerical methods •
Fitting of vapour
pressure data with the correlations •
Kinetic parameter estimation through hybrid
particle swarm optimization •
Calculation of thermodynamic
properties of pure components and crude oils using equations of state •
Computation of equilibrium constants in
petroleum engineering •
Flash calculation in petroleum engineering •
Simulation of chemical processes •
Lumping analysis in modeling of petroleum
processes •
Computation of properties of petroleum
fractions •
Simulation of refinery processes Texts:
3.
M. A. Fahim,
T. A. Al‐sahhaf and A. Elkilani,
Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining, Elsevier Science & Technology,
2010. 4.
A. Tarek,
Working Guide to Vapor‐Liquid Phase Equilibria Calculations, Gulf
Professional Publishing, 2010. References: 1.
B. E. Poling, J. M. Prausnitz and J. P. O’Connell, The
Properties of Gases and Liquids, 5^{th} Ed., McGraw Hill, 2001. 2.
L. T. Biegler,
A. W. Westerberg and I. E. Grossmann, Systematic Methods of Chemical Process
Design, Prentice Hall, 1997.
5.
S. C. Chapra,
Raymond P. Canale, Numerical Methods for
Engineers, 6^{th} Ed., McGraw Hill, 2010.
8.
R. A. Meyers, Handbook of Petroleum
Refining Processes, 3^{rd} Ed., McGraw Hill, 2003. 

Principles of Mesoscale heat, mass and momentum transport; Fundamentals
of vector/tensor algebra/calculus and order of magnitude analysis; Stability
analysis: linear, weakly‐nonlinear,
and nonlinear; Instabilities: Rayleigh‐Benard,
Rayleigh‐Taylor, Kelvin‐ Helmholtz, and Saffman‐
Taylor; Thin film dynamics and colloidal domain; Intermolecular and capillary
forces; Electro‐ hydrodynamics (EHD):
Maxwell stresses; electro‐kinetics,
zeta‐potential; Magneto‐ hydrodynamics (MHD);
Micro‐nano
fabrication: photolithography; Principles of Microscopes; Principles of spectroscopic
studies; Fundamentals of chromatography; Fabrication and characterization in mesoscale employing lithography, microscopy,
chromatography and spectroscopy. Texts/References:


Introduction, major
sources of energy: renewable and nonrenewable, primary and secondary energy sources,
energy scenario, prospects/need of alternate energy sources, conventional and
non‐ conventional energy
sources; solar energy; wind energy; nuclear energy; geo‐thermal, hydro energy
sources; tidal energy; energy from biomass; energy from coal; and other
energy resources: hydrogen, fuel cells; environmental aspects of energy
utilization‐renewable energy
resources and their importance; combustion process: combustion stoichiometry and combustion thermodynamics; gas burners;
oil burners; coal burning equipment; Integrated energy system: concept of
integration of conventional and non‐conventional energy resources and systems; energy conservation
& management. Texts/References: 1.
S. Sarkar, Fuel
& combustion, Orient Longman, 2^{nd} Ed., 1990. 2.
J. G. Speight, Fuel Science &
Technology Handbook, Dekker, 1990.
4.
B. H. Khan, Non‐conventional energy resources, McGraw
Hill, New Delhi. 5.
C. S. Solanki, Renewable
energy Technology, Prentice Hall Publication, 2008. 6.
S. P. Sukhatme, Solar
Energy, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1996. 7.
W. C. Turner, Energy management handbook,
Wiley Press, 1982. 

General scope and features of
multiphase flows; Fundamental definitions and terminology; Flow pattern of
multiphase flows: flow‐pattern map for fluid‐fluid,
fluid‐solid
and three phase flows; Pressure drop and void fraction; Multiphase
interactions: interactions of fluids with particles, drops and bubbles;
Multiphase flow through porous media; Micro‐scale
flows: introduction to gas–liquid two‐phase
flow in micro‐channels, two‐phase flow patterns in micro
channels; Overview of multiphase flow modeling; Multiphase flow measurements:
Invasive and non‐invasive. Texts/References: 1.
G. Wallis, One Dimensional Two Phase
Flows, Mc‐Graw Hill,
1969. 2.
C. E. Brennen, Fundamentals
of multiphase flow, Cambridge University Press, 2005.


Fundamentals of catalysis and adsorption; types of catalysts and
adsorbents, preparation methods: conventional and novel; surface area and
porosity; bulk and surface characterizations, diffusion in porous material,
kinetics and mechanisms; transport effect; deactivation; major applications;
recent developments in catalysts and adsorbents. Texts/References: 1.
J. M. Smith, Chemical Engineering
Kinetics, McGraw‐Hill Book Company, 1981 2.
D. M. Ruthven, Principles of adsorption
and adsorption processes, John Wiley & Sons, 1984. 3.
R.T. Yang, Adsorbents:
Fundamentals and Applications, Wiley‐Interscience, 2003. 4.
K.P. de Jong, Synthesis
of solid catalysts, Wiley–VCH, 2009 5.
H. S.
Fogler, Elements of Chemical reaction
engineering, Prentice Hall of India., 1999 6.
C. H. Bartholomew and R. J.
Farrauto, Fundamentals of Industrial catalytic
Processes, Wiley‐ VCH, 2006 7.
J. M. Thomas and W. J.
Thomas, Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Wiley‐VCH,
1996 8.
R.T. Yang, Gas Separation By Adsorption
Processes, World Scientific Publishing Company, 1997 9.
G. Ertl,
H. Knozinger and J. Weitkamp,
Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Vols. 1‐2, Wiley‐ VCH, 1997 

Introduction to membranes;
membrane materials: polymeric, inorganic and liquid; membrane preparation:phase inversion,
immersion precipitation, track‐etch method, sol‐gel
process, interfacial polymerization, dip‐coating process, film stretching and template leaching; characterization
of membranes; transport in membranes; various membrane processes and
applications; concentration polarization and fouling; membrane modules and
process design; membrane reactors and membrane bioreactors. Texts/References:


Definition of
composites; classification; particulate filled and fibre
reinforced composites; ceramic composites, resin based composites, composite
semiconductors, polymer‐metal composites;
polymer nanocomposites; theory of reinforcement;
concept of microfibril; effect of orientation and
adhesion; composite properties; lamination theory; mechanical behaviour of composites: stress‐strain relationship,
strength, fracture, toughness and fatigue; composites fabrication. Texts/References:
2.
F. L. Matthews and R. D.
Rawlings, Composite Materials: Engineering and Science, CRC Press, Woodhead, 1999.
4.
P.K. Mallik,
Fiber reinforced composites: materials, manufacturing and design, 2^{nd}
Ed., Marcel and Dekker, New York, 1993. 5.
K.K. Arthur, Mechanics of Composite
Materials, CRC Press, 1997.
