BT 101                        Introductory Biology                          3-0-0-6


Prerequisite: Nil



Evolution of life: Origin of Life; Darwin's concepts of evolution; Biodiversity.


Cell, the structural and functional unit of life: Three domains of life; cell types, cell organelles and structure; Basic biomolecules of cell.


Nutrients, bioenergetics and cell metabolism: Essential nutrients to sustain life; biological energy and laws of thermodynamics, basics of aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis and citric acid cycle.


Genes and chromosomes: DNA, DNA replication; Central dogma of molecular biology: Transcription and translation; Mendelian Genetics; Genetic engineering/Cloning and its applications.


Biological systems: Body systems required to sustain human physiology, special sense organs including hearing, taste, smell and visual receptors.



1.J. L. Tymoczko, J. M. Berg and L. Stryer, Biochemistry, 8th Ed, W. H. Freeman & Co, 2015.

2.D. L. Nelson and M. M. Cox, Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, 7th Ed, Macmillan Worth, 2017.



1. N. Hopkins, J. W. Roberts, J. A. Steitz, J. Watson and A. M. Weiner, Molecular Biology of the Gene, 7th Ed, Benjamin Cummings, 1987.

2. C. R. Cantor and P. R. Schimmel, Biophysical Chemistry (Parts I, II and III), W.H. Freeman & Co., 1980.

3. C. C. Chatterjee, Human Physiology, Vol 1 & 2, 11th Ed, Medical Allied Agency, 1987.

4. Hall, B.K., Evolution: Principles and Processes, 1st Ed, Jones & Bartlett, 2011.