The Hmars speak
Duhlian among themselves. The language is written in Roman
script. The educated Hmars speak in English and some of
them can even speak in Hindi with others. They are a schedule
The Hmars are
divided into thirteen major clans and each major clan is
divided into a number of subclans.
of these clans resides in a particular area, and many of
the villages are known by the namesof the clans of its inhabitants.
Traditionally, each clan had a dialect of its own
but a common dialect for all (Hmar) has been developed
among them. The missionary influence is responsible for
the development of the common dialect. Before acceptance
of Christianity, the clans were exogamous. Now this is not
strictly adhered to.