is located in the northeastern part of the country and has an area
of 30,285 square miles (78,438 square kilometres). It is bounded
to the north by the kingdom of Bhutan and the state of Arunachal
Pradesh; to the east by the states of Nagaland and Manipur; to the
south by the states of Mizoram and Tripura; and to the west by the
state of Meghalaya, Bangladesh, and the state of West Bengal
has a single-chamber legislative assembly with 126 members. The
state sends 21 members to the Indian national parliament: 7 to the
Rajya Sabha (Upper House) and 14 to the Lok Sabha (Lower House).
Local government is based on 23 administrative districts. Guwahati
is the Capital of the state.
Brahmaputra River valley is the dominant physical feature of Assam.
The river enters Assam near Sadiya in the extreme northeast and runs
westward across the length of Assam for nearly 450 miles before turning
south to enter the plains of Bangladesh. The river valley, rarely
more than 50 miles wide, is studded with numerous low, isolated hills
and ridges that abruptly rise from the plain. The valley, surrounded
on all sides, except the west, by mountains and is intersected by
many streams and rivulets that flow from the neighboring hills to
empty into the Brahmaputra.
average temperature is moderate, about 84 degrees F (29 degress
C) in the hottest month of August. The average valley temperature
in January is 61 degrees F (16 degrees C). In this season, the climate
of the valley is marked by heavy fogs and a little rain.
does not have the normal Indian hot, dry season. Some rain occurs
from March onwards, but the real force of the monsoon winds is faced
from June onward. Rainfall in Assam ranks among the highest in the
world; its annual rainfall varies from 70 inches in the west to 120
inches per year in the east. Large concentrated during the months
from June to September, it often results in widespread destructive
floods. Much of the state is covered with dense tropical forests of
bamboo and, at higher elevations, evergreens. Common animals of Assam
include the elephant, tiger, leopard, rhinoceros, and bear.