Understanding gender as critical theory and embodied practice: readings from some key theorists of gender; understanding masculinity: biological and ideological attributes; masculinity and performativity; the economy of expectations informing notions of ‘manliness’, ‘effeminacy’ and ‘femininity’; anxieties and comic crises in masculinity; representations of masculinity in literary texts, films and popular advertisements.
1. George Orwell, “Shooting an Elephant”, Shooting an Elephant and Other Essays. London: Penguin, 2003.
2. Munshi Premchand, “The Chess Players”, The Best of Premchand. New Delhi: Cosmo Publications, 1997.
3. John Osborne, Look Back In Anger. London: Penguin, 2002.
4. Force Majeure. Film. Dr. Ruben Ostlund. 2014.
1. Maurice Berger et al. ed, Constructing Masculinity. London & New York: Routledge, 1995.
2. Judith Butler, Gender Trouble. New York: Routledge, 1990.
3. Praseeda Gopinath, Scarecrows of Chivalry: English Masculinities after Empire. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013.
4. Mary Holmes, What is Gender? Sociological Approaches. London: Sage Publications, 2007.
5. Mrinalini Sinha, Colonial Masculinity. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.