Biobanking is gaining momentum due to the increased demand arising from developments in the area of genomics, metagenomics, proteomics, personalized medicine, disease biology, bioenergy, environmental remediation and allied fields. A biobank is a repository that accepts, processes, stores and distributes biospecimens and related data for academic and clinical uses. Starting with small laboratory based biobanks catering to the research needs of specific projects; the field of Biobanking is flourishing tremendously in the recent years. Large scale biorepositories have been created in order to collect, analyze and store phenotypic and genetic information of representative samples from around the globe. Current age biobanks are government supported commercial, population based and virtual. Virtual biobanks are electronic databases that help investigators to locate biospecimens and data mining from multiple biobanks. Biospecimen can include anything such as DNA, RNA, tissue, cell lines, proteins, phenotypes, from healthy or diseased individuals etc.
The creation of biobanks is changing the research landscape springing up issues related to ethics, regulatory, individual, national and international interests. There is a major scope for development of the established biobanks and the establishment of new biobanks in gap areas. A strong policy framework is required to meet the evolving challenges. With these contexts, Biodiverse 2018 has placed a major focus on Biobanking in India, its status, development strategies and future prospects.
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