Determination of NEHRP Site Class of Seismic Recording Stations in the Northwest Himalayas and Its Adjoining Area Using HVSR Method

Location of PESMOS recording stations used in the present study area (Note: A-Punjab; B-Haryana; C-Uttarakhand; D-Himachal Pradesh; E presents recording stations 1, 2, 3 from Uttar Pradesh and 4 from Jammu & Kashmir; F-Delhi)
Location of PESMOS recording stations used in the present study area (Note: A-Punjab; B-Haryana; C-Uttarakhand; D-Himachal Pradesh; E presents recording stations 1, 2, 3 from Uttar Pradesh and 4 from Jammu & Kashmir; F-Delhi)

 

Local site characteristics plays an important role in controlling the damage pattern during earthquakes (EQs). These site characteristics may vary from simple to complex and can be estimated by various field tests. In addition, extended Nakamura’s method, which uses horizontal to vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) based on available EQ records also available for site class (SC) determination. In this study, SCs for 90 recording stations which are maintained by PESMOS (Program for Excellence in Strong Motion Studies), located in the northwestern Himalayas and the adjoining areas are determined using extended Nakamura’s technique. Average HVSR curves obtained at majority of the recording stations are found matching with the existing literature. Predominant frequency (fpeak) from average HVSR curve at each recording station is then used for the determination of SC. Original SC given by PESMOS is purely based on geology and not based on comprehensive soil investigation exercise. In this study, the SC, which is based on the average HVSR curves is found matching with SC given by PESMOS for a majority of recording stations. However, for considerable number of recording stations, a mismatch is also found which is consistent with the existing literature. In addition, SC based on National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP) scheme is proposed based on fpeak for all the 90 recording stations.

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